Work With Dnacopy (Bioconductor) And Varscan Copynumber Results
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10.2 years ago
Mdeng ▴ 510

Hello everyone,

some days ago I got helped using varscan copynumber for a paired samples (tumor, normal)

See here

And of course the results look like this:

chrom   chr_start       chr_stop        num_positions   normal_depth    tumor_depth     log2_ratio
chr1    14904   14973   70      17.9    3.2     -2.497
chr1    16770   16834   65      21.9    13.5    -0.694
chr1    63298   63335   38      11.7    3.9     -1.582
chr1    63632   63700   69      20.3    8.7     -1.225
chr1    135158  135188  31      3.8     11.5    1.605
chr1    567576  567609  34      16.8    1.4     -3.600

Dan Koboldt recommended the R package "DNAcopy". But I don't know how to work with it. I don't know what the meaning of the examples data (coriell) is. And also not, what to put into the functions from the varscan resulting data.

Maybe one of you has some hints for me or maybe another solution?

With all the best,

Mario

//EDIT:

Maybe there is also a way to view this in IGV like this?! But again, what data to input? Format? Found a small description for the SNP format here (got the link from the IGV FAQ), but I don't get in touch with it. So maybe it's possible to convert the data?

varscan copynumber bioconductor • 7.6k views
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Excuse me,i have another question. How to solve it , if there is X and Y chromosones in "chrom " variable ?

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1
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You can convert 'X' and 'Y' into '23' and '24' and convert them into numeric.

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I have also one question. If there are chrom_start and chrom_end, why we make only like that: maploc = cn[,2]. This is correct operation?

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Yes. In most cases, the probes or regions are small enough, that treating them as point estimates is fine.

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Oh. Thank you very much for your answer. Now I will not have doubts.

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10.2 years ago

There is much information about using DNAcopy in both the package documentation and elsewhere on the web, but you might start with something like this:

After launching R:

library(DNAcopy)
cn <- read.table("your.cn.file",header=F)
CNA.object <-CNA( genomdat = cn[,6], chrom = cn[,1], maploc = cn[,2], data.type = 'logratio')
CNA.smoothed <- smooth.CNA(CNA.object)
segs <- segment(CNA.smoothed, verbose=0, min.width=2)
segs2 = segs$output
write.table(segs2[,2:6], file="out.file", row.names=F, col.names=F, quote=F, sep="\t")

That would give you some basic segmentation results for a single sample. You might also try searching for "Circular Binary Segmentation", which is the name of the algorithm implemented in the DNAcopy package.

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This code works great. Thanks.

Just a minor comment that, because the log2 ratio is in the 7th column. I think the "CNA.object <-CNA( genomdat = cn[,6], chrom = cn[,1], maploc = cn[,2], data.type = 'logratio')" should be "CNA.object <-CNA( genomdat = cn[,7], chrom = cn[,1], maploc = cn[,2], data.type = 'logratio')"

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I have been trying to use above code segment on varscan output. Had the same problem and I also think it should be

CNA.object <-CNA( genomdat = cn[,7], chrom = cn[,1], maploc = cn[,2], data.type = 'logratio')"

instead of

CNA.object <-CNA( genomdat = cn[,6], chrom = cn[,1], maploc = cn[,2], data.type = 'logratio')"

Any thoughts?

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I think you are correct because the log2ratio is in the 7th column

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Hey Chris,

like every answer from you, this helps allot, really! One of my major problems was, to assert the input table columns to the function parameters. In the case of the sense, not in case of R usage.

Thank you!

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@mdeng If an answer on this or any other question has been useful to you, we would appreciate it if you would go back and mark them as the "best answer" by clicking on the checkmark next to the box. It helps people who stumble across this thread later on. Thanks!

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Done, didn't this function. I'll keep using it. Thanks!

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