Internet of DNA
A global network of millions of genomes could be medicine’s next great advance.
Availability: 1-2 years
Noah is a six-year-old suffering from a disorder without a name. This year, his physicians will begin sending his genetic information across the Internet to see if there’s anyone, anywhere, in the world like him.
Do you think this will happen within 2 years?
This is the technical implementation I think that they are talking about:
The Beacon project is a project to test the willingness of international sites to share genetic data in the simplest of all technical contexts. It is defined as a simple public web service that any institution can implement as a service. The service is designed merely to accept a query of the form "Do you have any genomes with an 'A' at position 100,735 on chromosome 3" (or similar data) and responds with one of "Yes" or "No." A site offering this service is called a "beacon".
So it just a federated query over multiple large genomics (+ phenotypes) data sets. Full genomes are not centralized, or moved, so privacy is less of a concern.