I have a general understanding of RNA-seq differential expression and some tools that are used to calculate the differential expression but was wondering if more information could be solicited here.
Specifically, if I have 4 different groups of samples to compare the differentially expressed genes, using Cuffdiff, are the following two approaches generating the same/different output list of differential genes -
approach1 - pair-wise comparison
[group 1 v group 2], [group 1 v group 3], [group 1 v group 4] .... [group 4 v group 2], [group 4 v group 3]
approach 2 - "all four groups" comparison
[group 1 v group 2 v group 3 v group 4].
We have actually generated all lists from both approach 1 and approach 2 and are in the process of cross-comparing them, but I was a little surprised to find that using the second approach, the output is still listed (more or less) like [group 1 v group 2], [group 3 v group 4] ...
Any references/pointers on the differences between approach 1 and 2 will be greatly appreciated. Thank you