So, my supervisor wants me to check the effect of miRNA in RNA-seq data for tumor and non-tumor experiment data. The theory is miRNA is a possible cause of up/down regulation of a gene. I am totally new to miRNA and I need some help understanding this. What I have noow is the FASTA file of miRNA from http://www.mirbase.org/ftp.shtml, FASTA file from the RNA-seq experiment (7 normal-tumor pair) and the expression of each gene for each sample (use Salmon to get the expression level from FASTA file). My questions are:
1. Are there already known which miRNA binds to which mRNA? I imagine it is like a KEGG pathway database which we can see a gene is regulated by several genes. If not, can I derived the information with the miRNA sequence database I downlooaded?
2. If miRNA binds to the mRNA, will it observable in the RNA-seq data? I mean, imagine we have 1 gene with 2 conditions, 1 normal and 1 is bounded with miRNA. Is the miRNA-bound mRNA expression differ with the normal ones assuming no other difference?