Dear all,

I am wondering which test is suitable for my case (i have two condition i.e. C (3 replicates) and T (3 replicates)) and what is basically makes difference between "Wald" and "LRT" test implemented in DESeq2. I tested both with my dataset but was surprised when i end up with much differences in terns of DE tags. Then i tested with example dataset and found there is really differences in both tests.

here i m presenting both tests using example of deseq and got differences in terms of DE tags:

```
# count tables from RNA-Seq data
cnts <- matrix(rnbinom(n=1000, mu=100, size=1/0.5), ncol=10)
cond <- factor(rep(1:2, each=5))
cond
# object construction
dds <- DESeqDataSetFromMatrix(cnts, DataFrame(cond), ~ cond)
# standard analysis (Default Wald test)
dds <- DESeq(dds)
res <- results(dds)
sum(na.omit(res$pvalue <= 0.05))
###7
sum(na.omit(res$pvalue <= 0.05 & abs(res$log2FoldChange) >= 1))
###4
sum(na.omit(res$pvalue <= 0.05 & abs(res$log2FoldChange) >= 1.5))
###0
sum(na.omit(res$padj <= 0.05))
###0
sum(na.omit(res$padj <= 0.05 & abs(res$log2FoldChange) >= 1))
###0
sum(na.omit(res$padj <= 0.05 & abs(res$log2FoldChange) >= 1.5))
###0
# an alternate analysis: likelihood ratio test
ddsLRT <- DESeq(dds, test="LRT", reduced= ~ 1)
resLRT <- results(ddsLRT)
sum(na.omit(resLRT$pvalue <= 0.05))
###7
sum(na.omit(resLRT$pvalue <= 0.05 & abs(resLRT$log2FoldChange) >= 1))
###7
sum(na.omit(resLRT$pvalue <= 0.05 & abs(resLRT$log2FoldChange) >= 1.5))
###2
sum(na.omit(resLRT$padj <= 0.05))
###0
sum(na.omit(resLRT$pvalue <= 0.05 & abs(resLRT$log2FoldChange) >= 1))
###7
sum(na.omit(resLRT$padj <= 0.05 & abs(resLRT$log2FoldChange) >= 1.5))
###0
```

**I understand the concept behind the wald (applicable when we have two condition) and LRT test (when we have more than 2 conditions and intent to check interaction between conditions). But what if i only have two condition like Male (15 or more replicate) and Female (15 replicates).**
Then in this case what test would be more appropriate using DESeq2 ?

Thanks in advance for any advice