Question: FLT3 genes in TCGA in AML
gravatar for MAPK
3.6 years ago by
United States
MAPK1.5k wrote:

I was comparing the percent of FLT3 genes in AML from TCGA data with the mutations found in our exome data. Our exome data only reveals less than 50% of FLT3 mutations compared to TCGA samples. Does anyone know what capture method TCGA consortium used for AML samples? Is there any reason why we can't see half of FLTs in our cohort compared to TCGA? Also, what could be the reasons that all mutations in FLT3 can't be determined by exome methods?

exome sequencing • 1.1k views
ADD COMMENTlink modified 3.6 years ago by Chris Miller21k • written 3.6 years ago by MAPK1.5k

You can also try ITDetector

Just extract FLT3 region from BAM file for this, since it takes forever if you use whole bam file.

ADD REPLYlink written 3.6 years ago by poisonAlien2.8k

You need to provide more information. How many samples do you have? What's the average coverage? How frequent are the mutations that you are missing? What about other frequently mutated genes?

ADD REPLYlink written 3.6 years ago by igor8.9k

The frequency of other geners are almost similar. The coverage was 50x and the sequencing was performed on about 200 samples half by truseq and half by nextera exome capture methods. The mutations I am missing are very common in AML.

ADD REPLYlink modified 3.6 years ago • written 3.6 years ago by MAPK1.5k
gravatar for Chris Miller
3.6 years ago by
Chris Miller21k
Washington University in St. Louis, MO
Chris Miller21k wrote:

tl;dr: You should definitely not expect to recover all FLT3 mutations from exome sequencing and stock variant calling.

I was the lead analyst for the genomics in the AML TCGA paper. Finding all of those FLT3 ITDs was a giant pain in the ass. At the very least, you should also use the targeted validation data. Even, then, I wouldn't expect to find everything. We did some targeted 454, and even some Sanger, I think. Even if you have good coverage of the region, variant callers generally suck at finding the ITD, because of the short reads and repetitive sequence. Many required manual inspection to resolve.

There are some additional tips in this previous thread: Identifying FLT3-ITD with Pindel Specifically, I'd have someone sit down with every sample and pull up that region, looking carefully for soft-clipping, etc that will help you identify the event. Good luck!

ADD COMMENTlink modified 3.6 years ago • written 3.6 years ago by Chris Miller21k

Thank you, Chris. That's really helpful.

ADD REPLYlink written 3.6 years ago by MAPK1.5k
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