I have used Tajima's D and Fu and Li's statistics to assess whether my sequencing data shows evidence of deviation from neutrality. (Using DNAsp software).
The problem I have is that these tests do not give ACTUAL P values. So for Tajima's D, you get a D value and then P<0.05 for example...
My supervisor wants to know why I cannot show the actual P value for these tests and I need to explain why! can someone help me?
This is one explanation....
''A negative Tajima's D signifies an excess of low frequency polymorphisms relative to expectation, indicating population size expansion (e.g., after a bottleneck or a selective sweep) and/or purifying selection. A positive Tajima's D signifies low levels of both low and high frequency polymorphisms, indicating a decrease in population size and/or balancing selection. However, calculating a conventional "p-value" associated with any Tajima's D value that is obtained from a sample is impossible. Briefly, this is because there is no way to describe the distribution of the statistic that is independent of the true, and unknown, theta parameter (no pivot quantity exists)''
I just want to be able to explain WHY i cannot give an actual P value..
Can someone please explain?