Question: What is pheatmap's scale row?
gravatar for agicict
22 months ago by
Korea, Republic Of
agicict130 wrote:


There is a R package called pheatmap.

one of the pheatmap parameter is scale which normalize numeric values in row-wise or column-wise

I would like to know the formula of normalization process.

Is the Z-score normalization?

R • 3.1k views
ADD COMMENTlink modified 22 months ago by ddiez1.7k • written 22 months ago by agicict130
gravatar for ddiez
22 months ago by
ddiez1.7k wrote:

Not really a bioinformatics question, I think.

I good thing about open source is that you can download the code and check it yourself. I did so and found the following code in pheatmap.r file:

scale_rows = function(x){
    m = apply(x, 1, mean, na.rm = T)
    s = apply(x, 1, sd, na.rm = T)
    return((x - m) / s)

scale_mat = function(mat, scale){
    if(!(scale %in% c("none", "row", "column"))){
        stop("scale argument shoud take values: 'none', 'row' or 'column'")
    mat = switch(scale, none = mat, row = scale_rows(mat), column = t(scale_rows(t(mat))))

The second function chooses an action depending on the value of the variable scale. The first function performs row-wise scaling (or col-wise on the transposed matrix). So, scale in this package means removing the mean (centering) and dividing by the standard deviation (scaling). Also, take a look at ?scale for the base function. Why the author didn't use this function is not clear to me.

ADD COMMENTlink modified 21 months ago • written 22 months ago by ddiez1.7k

Don't forget victorization, bro. Shouldn't the return value of scale_rows() be like:

return((x - rep(m, ncol(x)) / rep(s, ncol(x))
ADD REPLYlink written 12 months ago by registerdude0

The original code is vectorized. It will return a matrix of the same dimensions as x.

ADD REPLYlink written 9 months ago by luisvalesilva0
Please log in to add an answer.


Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement and Privacy Policy.
Powered by Biostar version 2.3.0
Traffic: 720 users visited in the last hour