Hi,

I am trying to calculate p-values in excel from microarray gene expression fold change values. Below is the example of my data. In the example row3 and 4 are data obtained by calculating ratio. In row5 and 6 I have converted these values into fold change i.e., if a value is 0.793 then it will be -1.25 but if the value is 1.25 then it will be 1.25. (using a formula =IF(A3>=1,A3,-1/A3) .

Next when I am trying to calculate p-value ("=TTEST(A1:J1,K1:T1,2,1)") I am getting different p-value for same gene. For example in row3 and row5 is the same gene but the p-value is different. One is significant and other is not. My question is which method is correct? Is it correct to change ratio values into fold and then calculate p-values or I should calculate p-values from ratio value only?

Thanks for your help.

```
Row1 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T "=TTEST(A1:J1,K1:T1,2,1)"
Row2 genes POST POST POST POST POST POST POST POST POST POST PRE PRE PRE PRE PRE PRE PRE PRE PRE PRE P-value
Row3 MIR200A 0.793903549 1.041297812 0.935881628 1.259302622 1.018066956 1.405006135 0.830455204 1.075470025 1.067827835 1.147513785 1.048014049 1.098519176 1.365454977 1.252943807 1.052584341 1.141137949 1.01583548 1.088913998 1.248712552 1.075903947 0.211796283
Row4 ACTRT2 0.768022 0.860582443 1.037630064 0.969008653 0.971323718 1.032467218 0.80152065 0.906789601 1.054415209 1.02758982 1.352438848 1.540969723 1.321062539 1.375975107 0.926210536 1.19926436 1.284087942 0.732445988 1.010349674 1.772633979 0.01479599
Row5 MIR200A -1.259598854 1.041297812 -1.068511199 1.259302622 1.018066956 1.405006135 -1.204158871 1.075470025 1.067827835 1.147513785 1.048014049 1.098519176 1.365454977 1.252943807 1.052584341 1.141137949 1.01583548 1.088913998 1.248712552 1.075903947 0.085649884
Row6 ACTRT2 -1.302046036 -1.16200372 1.037630064 -1.031982529 -1.029522889 1.032467218 -1.247628493 -1.10279165 1.054415209 1.02758982 1.352438848 1.540969723 1.321062539 1.375975107 -1.079668133 1.19926436 1.284087942 -1.365288386 1.010349674 1.772633979 0.02295461
```

You shouldn't calculate p-values in excel at all! A t-test in excel is not suitable for microarray analysis. Try to use limma in R, there is a very good user's guide for this package and it is statistical sound (ttest from excel not).

"You shouldn't calculate p-values in excel at all! A t-test in excel is not suitable for microarray analysis." Why? If you could please explain.

Because for microarrays it is better not to use a t-test but use eBayes moderated t-statistics which is not available in excel, but is available in R limma.

I agree - definitely do not use excel! You might consider using CLC workbench if you don't know how to use R.