Could anyone help clarify these concepts?
MAF refers to minor allele frequency, right? so given 10 ppl if there are 3 alleles, with frequencies of 0.50 (G), 0.4 (A), and 0.1(C) MAF is 0.4, right? which means 4 ppl have A?
In case of mtDNA the above case would refer to what exactly? So again I have 10 ppl and MAF is 0.4 what does this mean? Or in case of mtDNA this only refers to one individual and then we talk about homo- and heteroplasmy?
Given the ref sequence has A and my samples have all G's, then we are talking about homoplazmy, right?
What happens in case of heteroplasmy? Let say I have a ref sequence with A and my 100 mapped reads have 60 G's and 40 A's, what is MAF here ? Is this homo- or heteroplasmy?
I am quite confused about these concepts so I would appreciate if someone would be so kind to clarify a bit.