I am working on the Differential Expression Analysis on RNA-Seq Data between tumor sample and normal sample, while my lecturer suggest me better use the raw expression data instead of using FPKM as expression unit , anyone could tell me why ? or what is the advantage for this ?
If you want further details, you can visit Joshua Starmer youtube collection of videos
In this one, you can see details about how DESeq2 normalize RNA-Seq data from raw data
And in this one, how does it edgeR
The short answer is...the statisticians who wrote the software to do differential expression analysis have thought a lot about how best to normalize, and you should just let them do it. Those softwares all want raw counts as input so they can normalize, you should give them that, and let them do their thing. If you know what you are doing, and have compelling reasons to apply a different normalization function, the softwares have ways to allow you to do that, but a simple FPKM method is not going to be better than what the authors of the software have worked out.