Solutions to FastQC diagnosis of Micro-Satellites
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4.0 years ago
dec986 ▴ 310

Hello,

I'm looking through some FastQC reports on public data I've downloaded. The reports are mediocre quality, and the trimmers aren't making a difference.

I've discussed this with a colleague, who says that my problem is that many reads are showing overrepresentation in the middle of the sequence. Because the trimmers look for trimming at the beginning and end of sequences, the trimmers or QC tools won't be able to make a difference. My colleague used the phrase "micro-satellites" which will be seen around nucleotides 105-109 with a sharp drop and then rise in %A. I think this will have a very negative effect on the alignment process.

Are there any tools to correct such micro-satellites here? Is this the correct phrase to describe this error? Should I even worry about this?

fastqc RNA-Seq • 1.2k views
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fastq-dump has an option to split R1+R2, in case this is paired end data.

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Agree with you, seems the data is a combination of R1+R2. The abnormal cycles in the middle are actually the beginning cycles of R2.

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@chen and @h.mon I have written a program, because the NCBI page https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSM2532810 doesn't suggest anything about paired-end reads. Also, if I remember how paired-end reads work, there should be some indication of this in the SEQID lines of the file should indicate this. I don't see it here when I show the top label lines:

SRR5335775.fastq.bz2
@SRR5335775.1 GEN-HISEQ:203:C6WRPACXX:2:1101:1496:2241 length=200

SRR5335776.fastq.bz2
@SRR5335776.1 GEN-HISEQ:203:C6WRPACXX:3:1101:1317:2249 length=200

SRR5335777.fastq.bz2
@SRR5335777.1 GEN-HISEQ:203:C6WRPACXX:4:1101:1166:2117 length=200

SRR5335780.fastq.bz2
@SRR5335780.1 GEN-HISEQ:203:C6WRPACXX:2:1101:2228:2142 length=200

SRR5335781.fastq.bz2
@SRR5335781.1 GEN-HISEQ:203:C6WRPACXX:3:1101:1243:2189 length=200

SRR5335782.fastq.bz2
@SRR5335782.1 GEN-HISEQ:203:C6WRPACXX:4:1101:1255:2172 length=200

SRR5335783.fastq.bz2
@SRR5335783.1 GEN-HISEQ:203:C6WRPACXX:5:1101:1250:2127 length=200

SRR5335784.fastq.bz2
@SRR5335784.1 GEN-HISEQ:203:C6WRPACXX:1:1101:1421:2226 length=200

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This is a paired-end set of data. If you look at SRA you will see that. I suggest that you avoid GEO/SRA alltogether and download the fastq files from ENA.

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hi h.mon,

did you mean --split_spot or --split-3?

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--split-files should be the option. While you are at it use -F to recover original Illumina style fastq read headers.

That said, see my comment above about getting the fastq files directly from ENA.