DESeq2 compare all levels
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3.1 years ago
rmf ★ 1.2k

For RNA-Seq DGE analysis using DESeq2, if I have a factor with let's say 5 levels:

condition
A
A
B
B
C
C
D
D
E
E

The standard workflow

d <- DESeqDataSetFromMatrix(countData=counts,colData=meta,design=as.formula(~condition))
d <- DESeq2::estimateSizeFactors(d,type="ratio")
d <- DESeq2::estimateDispersions(d)
d1 <- nbinomWaldTest(d)
resultsNames(d1)

gives the following contrast combinations:

condition_A_vs_B
condition_A_vs_C
condition_A_vs_D
condition_A_vs_E

and then:

results(d1,name="condition_A_vs_B")

But, how do I get all pairwise combinations of all levels? ie; The first combinations as well as these below?

B - C
B - D
B - E
C - D
C - E
D - E
RNA-Seq DESeq2 differential gene expression • 6.0k views
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Hi Kevin, I am using your following code but getting error. I don't no why it is showing. Any help will be appreciated.

log2cutoff <- 2
qvaluecutoff <- 0.05

sigGenes <- unique(c(
  rownames(subset(res1, padj<=qvaluecutoff & abs(log2FoldChange)>=log2cutoff)),
  rownames(subset(res2, padj<=qvaluecutoff & abs(log2FoldChange)>=log2cutoff)),
  rownames(subset(res3, padj<=qvaluecutoff & abs(log2FoldChange)>=log2cutoff)),
))

heat <- assay(rld)[sigGenes,]

Error:
Error in h(simpleError(msg, call)) : 
  error in evaluating the argument 'x' in selecting a method for function 'unique': argument 5 is empty
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Hi friend,

Can you run either of these commands on their own to see what is produced?

rownames(subset(res1, padj<=qvaluecutoff & abs(log2FoldChange)>=log2cutoff))

rownames(subset(res2, padj<=qvaluecutoff & abs(log2FoldChange)>=log2cutoff))

rownames(subset(res3, padj<=qvaluecutoff & abs(log2FoldChange)>=log2cutoff))

, or, even:

subset(res1, padj<=qvaluecutoff & abs(log2FoldChange))

subset(res2, padj<=qvaluecutoff & abs(log2FoldChange))

subset(res3, padj<=qvaluecutoff & abs(log2FoldChange))

What is the output of head(res1), head(res2), and head(res3)?

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Hi Kevin, The output of head (res1), res2, and res3 are the comparison that I have taken for analysis, but when I put this all together and assigned to one variable like same in your code i.e sigGenes and it giving an error.

This is my comparison: res1 <- results(dds, contrast=c("condition", "TUB08", "TUB00"))

res2 <- results(dds, contrast=c("condition", "TUB10", "TUB00"))

res3 <- results(dds, contrast=c("condition", "TUB12", "TUB00"))

output example of head(res1): log2 fold change (MLE): condition TUB08 vs TUB00

Wald test p-value: condition TUB08 vs TUB00

DataFrame with 6 rows and 6 columns

baseMean log2FoldChange lfcSE stat pvalue padj

thrL 5547.2000 0.00245135 0.242725 0.0100993 9.91942e-01 9.94555e-01

I want to generate heatmap of all significantly expressed genes from all the above comparisons but can not proceed because of the error.

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Can you please use ADD REPLY to keep this thread organized rather than the answer field which is for, well, answers.

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19
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3.1 years ago

To get all pairwise comparisons, it should be as easy as:

BC <- results(dds, contrast=c("condition", "B", "C"),
  independentFiltering=TRUE, alpha=0.05, pAdjustMethod="BH", parallel=TRUE)
BC <- lfcShrink(dds, contrast=c("condition", "B", "C"), res=BC)

BD <- results(dds, contrast=c("condition", "B", "D"),
  independentFiltering=TRUE, alpha=0.05, pAdjustMethod="BH", parallel=TRUE)
BD <- lfcShrink(dds, contrast=c("condition", "B", "D"), res=BD)

BE <- results(dds, contrast=c("condition", "B", "E"),
  independentFiltering=TRUE, alpha=0.05, pAdjustMethod="BH", parallel=TRUE)
BE <- lfcShrink(dds, contrast=c("condition", "B", "E"), res=BE)

CD <- results(dds, contrast=c("condition", "C", "D"),
  independentFiltering=TRUE, alpha=0.05, pAdjustMethod="BH", parallel=TRUE)
CD <- lfcShrink(dds, contrast=c("condition", "C", "D"), res=CD)

CE <- results(dds, contrast=c("condition", "C", "E"),
  independentFiltering=TRUE, alpha=0.05, pAdjustMethod="BH", parallel=TRUE)
CE <- lfcShrink(dds, contrast=c("condition", "C", "E"), res=CE)

DE <- results(dds, contrast=c("condition", "D", "E"),
  independentFiltering=TRUE, alpha=0.05, pAdjustMethod="BH", parallel=TRUE)
DE <- lfcShrink(dds, contrast=c("condition", "D", "E"), res=DE)

Note that I use lfcShrink, which you should also use if you had previously used the function DESeq() with betaPrior=FALSE

You can also do a LRT (likelihood ratio test if you want to compare all levels simultaneously).

What you can do after this is then concatenate all of the statistically significant genes into a unique list and cluster your samples using these, which should bring out good separation in a sample dendrogram (using the regularised log or variance-stabilised counts).

Kevin

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What you can do after this is then concatenate all of the statistically significant genes into a unique list and cluster your samples >using these, which should bring out good separation in a sample dendrogram (using the regularised log or variance-stabilised counts)

I am very much interested in doing that, but I have no idea how I would go about doing that step-by-step. Could you give me any pointers as to which tools to use for the concatenating and clustering? I would appreciate this very much.

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Hey paul, you can do something like this. If you have conducted 3 different differential expression comparisons, you can subset the results objects (res1, res2, res3) to include the statistically significant genes. You then subset your original data matrix for these genes.

log2cutoff <- 2
qvaluecutoff <- 0.05

sigGenes <- unique(c(
  rownames(subset(res1, padj<=qvaluecutoff & abs(log2FoldChange)>=log2cutoff)),
  rownames(subset(res2, padj<=qvaluecutoff & abs(log2FoldChange)>=log2cutoff)),
  rownames(subset(res3, padj<=qvaluecutoff & abs(log2FoldChange)>=log2cutoff)),
))

heat <- assay(rld)[sigGenes,]

Makes sense?

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1
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Oh, yes! Absolutely. I did not think it could be that easy. Thank you very much!

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0
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in case of LRT what i get is we do get genes that vary across condition. Is it possible to know if a gene is deferentially expressed which condition is it coming from ?

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1
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The pairwise comparisons should reveal that, no? - or, could simply plot a box-and-whiskers plot.

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0
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okay that sounds simple and straightforward

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Hi Kevin

Thanks for the solution you offered for pairwise comparison. During lfcshrinkage, when I try using apeglm method it throws the following error

AL_exp1_vs_SE_exp1 <- lfcShrink(dds, contrast=c("Comparison", "AL_exp1", "SE_exp1"), res=AL_exp1_vs_SE_exp1, type="apeglm")

Error in lfcShrink(dds, contrast = c("Comparison", "AL_exp1", "SE_exp1"),  : 
  type='apeglm' shrinkage only for use with 'coef'

I am unable to understand why I can't use it. I am trying to follow DESeq2 manual where I learned it's better than other shrinkage methods.

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Hello, Did you solve this? It happens to me as well! Thanks!

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See A: type='apeglm' shrinkage only for use with 'coef'

apeglm needs coefs, explanation in my answer and the DESeq2/apeglm vignettes.

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Thank you for the help!

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