Question: Giga base or Giga byte
gravatar for Shawrob400
8 months ago by
Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University
Shawrob40010 wrote:

Hi I am a student from genomic research group,CVASU,Chittagong, Bangladesh. We have a on going reference based genome assembly and annotation project. We have just received Total file size of 310.2 GB of FASTQ files. I have read in some publication and they mention 350 Gb of Raw data. i am confused is it giga base of giga byte?? i know 1 Gbp (giga base pairs) = 1,000,000,000 bp we have total sequence :199893331 sequence length :40-100 in one part of a FASTQ file should i convert it into Gbp? how can i calculate genome coverage?

coverage assembly gb • 643 views
ADD COMMENTlink modified 4 months ago by ATpoint15k • written 8 months ago by Shawrob40010

GB is gigabyte. Gb is Gigabase.

ADD REPLYlink written 4 months ago by Emily_Ensembl18k

To avoid this confusion I write Gbp or Gbase.

ADD REPLYlink written 4 months ago by WouterDeCoster38k
gravatar for genomax
8 months ago by
United States
genomax65k wrote:

If you have a 100,000,000 bp genome and received 1,000,000,000 bp of sequence data (as a file of reads of equal or variable length) then you have 10x the number of total bases expected to be present in a single copy of the genome.

You can't claim/conclude to have 10x genome coverage since the distribution of reads is never going to be uniform (unless you pre-selected the reads to be so). In places it may be 0 (i.e. no coverage) while in other locations it could be 100x. You would not be able to determine this distribution until you align the reads to the reference (if you have one).

A gigabyte/gibibyte happens to be a measurement of data size in computer science. Depending on type and level of compression a gigabase of sequence will have variable file sizes (measured in some multiple by bytes, of which gigabyte happens to be one measure).

ADD COMMENTlink modified 8 months ago • written 8 months ago by genomax65k

thank you very much

ADD REPLYlink written 8 months ago by Shawrob40010

If an answer was helpful you should upvote it, if the answer resolved your question you should mark it as accepted.

ADD REPLYlink written 8 months ago by WouterDeCoster38k
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