Question: How to link the assembly accession with the chromosome accession for prokaryotic representative genomes
gravatar for wangdp123
19 months ago by
wangdp123240 wrote:

Dear colleague,

I am working on the analysis of prokaryotic genomes from NCBI genome database.

  1. Downloaded a file called prok_representative_genomes.txt from the following file

After opening the file, we could see one column named "Chromosome RefSeq". (e.g., NZ_AQXM00000000)

  1. Download all protein sequences for all bacterial genomes from

Each file has a name like "GCF_000834735.1_ASM83473v1_protein.faa.gz".

It is odd that the two datasets use different accession number system. In this case, how to identify if the genome of the proteins is annotated in the file "prok_representative_genomes.txt"?

My aim is to retrieve all the protein sequences for the genomes listed in the file "prok_representative_genomes.txt".

Thanks a lot,

Kind regards


prokaryotic genomes ncbi • 436 views
ADD COMMENTlink modified 19 months ago • written 19 months ago by wangdp123240


Does anybody know why there are some 0 values in the "Genomes" column of the file prok_representative_genomes.txt? For example, "Acetobacter aceti".

ADD REPLYlink written 19 months ago by wangdp123240

The README says it's manually updated. I tend to believe you'll see a more complete picture when using the prokaryotes.txt (computationally updated...)

ADD REPLYlink written 19 months ago by Carambakaracho2.2k
gravatar for vkkodali
19 months ago by
United States
vkkodali2.0k wrote:

In the same FTP path, there is another file prokaryotes.txt that can be helpful. Join the two files on the organism name (column 3 of prok_representative_genomes.txt and column 1 of prokaryotes.txt). Then, extract the path to the assembly folder on the FTP site (column 21 of prokaryotes.txt file) and download the *.protein.faa.gz files.

Accessions with the NZ_ prefix are RefSeq Chromosome accessions whereas the ones with GCF_ prefix are assembly accessions. An assembly includes both chromosome and plasmid(s).

ADD COMMENTlink written 19 months ago by vkkodali2.0k

As vkkodali wrote, use the prokayotes.txt. However, there's no need to join, one can filter on the Reference column. The NCBI discriminates between manually selected reference (exist for common lab organisms) and computationally selected representative genomes (exists for each species, almost).

ADD REPLYlink written 19 months ago by Carambakaracho2.2k
Please log in to add an answer.


Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement and Privacy Policy.
Powered by Biostar version 2.3.0
Traffic: 938 users visited in the last hour