bcftool (mpileup, call) extremely slow on 60 BAMs (WGS 20x)
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3.0 years ago
serpalma.v ▴ 70

I am trying to run bcftools (v1.9) mpileup on 60 BAM files from WGS (~20x).

bcftools mpileup -Ou -f ref.fa $(echo$BAM_LIST) | bcftools call -vmO z -o out.vcf.gz


The job started 20 days ago. The out.vcf.gz shows that it has gone through 10 chr (~2ds/chr).

There are still 9 autosomes, 2 sex chrs, MT chr and 44 scaffolds to go through, which I estimate will take another 20 days to complete.

The log shows only the following (not updated since day of submission):

Note: none of --samples-file, --ploidy or --ploidy-file given, assuming all sites are diploid
[mpileup] 60 samples in 60 input files


However, the out.vcf.gz is being written on daily.

I am looking for a way to make this process to go faster, say, within 2 weeks instead of 40 days.

I found a related solution here but it's for one bam at a time and I would like to call variants on all 60 samples at once.

Any help will be appreciated!

bcftools samtools mpileup WGS snp • 1.8k views
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3.0 years ago

split your analysis per chromosome/contig using the option --regions-file and concatenate the vcfs later.

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I created a test tab delimited file regions.txt for chr1 and chr2 that looks as follows:

1       1   195471971
2       1   182113224


Column 1 corresponds to CHROM, column2 to POS and column3 to POS_TO. According to the corresponding documentation:

The columns of the tab-delimited file are: CHROM, POS, and, optionally, POS_TO, where positions are 1-based and inclusive.

For POS_TO I used the length of the chromosome.

Then I call bcftools and it is now running:

bcftools mpileup -Ou -f ref.fa samp1.bam samp2.bam --regions-file regions.txt | bcftools call -vmO z -o out.vcf.gz


Could you please tell me if the regions.txt was properly constructed in order to span fully each chromosome?

Thanks!

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no

a bed is 0-based and the start position should start with '0', not '1'

furthermore the idea is to launch 'X' jobs for one chromosome in parallel , not to run one job for 'X' chromosomes.

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As I understand it, in order to be cosidered a bed file, the bed extension should be specified:

To indicate that a file be treated as BED rather than the 1-based tab-delimited file, the file must have the ".bed" or ".bed.gz" suffix (case-insensitive).

Otherwise, the --regions-file is treated as tab-delimited file by default:

Regions can be specified either on command line or in a VCF, BED, or tab-delimited file (the default).

The columns of the tab-delimited file are: CHROM, POS, and, optionally, POS_TO, where positions are 1-based and inclusive.

As for your second point, I am not really sure what you suggest. Do you mean I should provide one chromosome at a time and run the job in parallel?

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As for your second point, I am not really sure what you suggest. Do you mean I should provide one chromosome at a time and run the job in parallel?

yes