Your question is so vague, it is difficult to answer. But it raises an interesting issue of how can one best store and retrieve a description of an experiment, and data or literature associated with that experiment.
If you can resolve these four questions, it might help you: (1) What sort of experiments are you interested in? (2) Are there databases that store and serve data on those experiments? (3) What kinds of APIs or protocols do those databases support for retrieving information? (4) What tools/languages are you familiar with or willing to learn, and do they have methods for accessing your databases of interest?
Two examples of databases with experiment information that is retrievable with tools or software are: The Gene Expression Omnibus at NCBI, and ArrayExpress at EBI. Both are accessible via web, or computationally via other tools such as Bioconductor.