I have an issue with creating a ROC Curve for my survival tree created by the rpart package. My goal was to evaluate my survival tree through Area Under Curve (AUC) in ROC curve. I had tried many ways to plot a ROC curve but failed. How can I approach my next step the ROC curve plot?

Here is the R code I have so far:

```
library(survival)
library("rpart")
library("partykit")
library(rattle)
library(rpart.plot)
temp = coxph(Surv(pgtime, pgstat) ~ age+eet+g2+grade+gleason+ploidy, stagec)
newtime = predict(temp, type = 'expected')
fit <- rpart(Surv(pgtime, pgstat) ~ age+eet+g2+grade+gleason+ploidy, data = stagec)
fancyRpartPlot(fit)
tfit <- as.party(fit) #Transfer "rpart" to "party"
predtree<-predict(tfit,newdata=stagec,type="prob") #Prediction
```

Here is the R code I have tried so far:

1.

```
library("ROCR")
predROCR <- prediction(predict(tfit, newdata = stagec, type = "prob")[, 2],labels=Surv(stagec$pgtime, stagec$pgstat))
Error in predict(tfit, newdata = stagec, type = "prob")[, 2] :
incorrect number of dimensions
```

It doesn't work. I checked the prediction result of a function of predict() and found that it is an â€˜Survivalâ€™ object (Code and results are as follows:). I guess this method fails because it not suitable for "Survival" object?

```
predict(tfit, newdata = stagec, type = "prob")[[1]]
Call: survfit(formula = y ~ 1, weights = w, subset = w > 0)
n events median 0.95LCL 0.95UCL
33 1 NA NA NA
```

2.

I try to derive the survival function value of each terminal node and use these value to draw the ROC curve. Is this correct? The ROC curve drawn in this way seems to treat the predicted classification results as continuous variables rather than categorical variables.

Here's the R code I tried:

```
tree2 = fit
tree2$frame$yval = as.numeric(rownames(tree2$frame))
#Get the survival function value of each sample
Surv_value = data.frame(predict(tree2, newdata=stagec,type = "matrix"))[,1]
Out=data.frame()
Out=cbind(stagec,Surv_value)
#ROC
library(survivalROC)
roc=survivalROC(Stime=Out$pgtime, status=Out$pgstat, marker = Out$Surv_value, predict.time =5, method="KM")
roc$AUC #Get the AUC of ROC plot
#Plot ROC
aucText=c()
par(oma=c(0.5,1,0,1),font.lab=1.5,font.axis=1.5)
plot(roc$FP, roc$TP, type="l", xlim=c(0,1), ylim=c(0,1),col="#f8766d",
xlab="False positive rate", ylab="True positive rate",
lwd = 2, cex.main=1.3, cex.lab=1.2, cex.axis=1.2, font=1.2)
aucText=c(aucText,paste0("498"," (AUC=",sprintf("%.3f",roc$AUC),")"))
legend("bottomright", aucText,lwd=2,bty="n",col=c("#f8766d","#00bfc4","blue","green"))
abline(0,1)
```