Split multiallelic SNPs to biallelic from vcf
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6 weeks ago
User000 ▴ 440

Dear all,

I have a particular vcf file like this,

chrX    29  .   G   A,T .   PASS    AC=1,1;AN=3 GT:DP:HF:CILOW:CIUP:SDP 0/1/2:4839:0.003,0.001:0.002,0.0:0.005,0.003:14;0,4;2

I tried various tools to split this, but I get the following results, so the FORMAT and INFO lines are identical.

chrX    29  .   G   A   .   PASS    AC=1,1;AN=3;OLD_MULTIALLELIC=chrM:899:G/A/T GT:DP:HF:CILOW:CIUP:SDP 0/1/.:4839:0.003,0.001:0.002,0:0.005,0.003:14;0,4;2
chrX    29  .   G   T   .   PASS    AC=1,1;AN=3;OLD_MULTIALLELIC=chrM:899:G/A/T GT:DP:HF:CILOW:CIUP:SDP 0/./1:4839:0.003,0.001:0.002,0:0.005,0.003:14;0,4;2

I need to get HF values split accordingly as well, like this:

chrX    29  .   G   A   .   PASS    AC=1,1;AN=3 GT:DP:HF:CILOW:CIUP:SDP 0/1/2:4839:0.003:0.002,0.0:0.005,0.003:14;0,4;2
chrX    29  .   G   T   .   PASS    AC=1,1;AN=3 GT:DP:HF:CILOW:CIUP:SDP 0/1/2:4839:0.001:0.002,0.0:0.005,0.003:14;0,4;2

How to do this?

EDIT: example.vcf

##fileformat=VCFv4.0
##reference=chrX
##FORMAT=<ID=GT,Number=1,Type=String,Description="Genotype">
##FORMAT=<ID=DP,Number=1,Type=Integer,Description="Reads covering the REF position">
##FORMAT=<ID=HF,Number=.,Type=Float,Description="Heteroplasmy Frequency of variant allele">
##FORMAT=<ID=CILOW,Number=.,Type=Float,Description="Value defining the lower limit of the confidence interval of the heteroplasmy fraction">
##FORMAT=<ID=CIUP,Number=.,Type=Float,Description="Value defining the upper limit of the confidence interval of the heteroplasmy fraction">
##FORMAT=<ID=SDP,Number=.,Type=String,Description="Strand-specific read depth of the ALT allele">
##INFO=<ID=AC,Number=1,Type=Integer,Description="Allele count in genotypes">
##INFO=<ID=AN,Number=1,Type=Integer,Description="Total number of alleles in called genotypes">
#CHROM  POS ID  REF ALT QUAL    FILTER  INFO    FORMAT  sample
chrX    886 .   C   A   .   PASS    AC=1;AN=2   GT:DP:HF:CILOW:CIUP:SDP 0/1:4813:0.002:0.001:0.004:9;0
chrX    895 .   C   A   .   PASS    AC=1;AN=2   GT:DP:HF:CILOW:CIUP:SDP 0/1:4813:0.001:0.0:0.003:5;0
chrX    898 .   C   A   .   PASS    AC=1;AN=2   GT:DP:HF:CILOW:CIUP:SDP 0/1:4829:0.001:0.0:0.002:4;1
chrX    899 .   G   A,T .   PASS    AC=1,1;AN=3 GT:DP:HF:CILOW:CIUP:SDP 0/1/2:4839:0.003,0.001:0.002,0.0:0.005,0.003:14;0,4;2
chrX    900 .   C   T   .   PASS    AC=1;AN=2   GT:DP:HF:CILOW:CIUP:SDP 0/1:4838:0.001:0.0:0.003:6;0
chrX    904 .   C   A   .   PASS    AC=1;AN=2   GT:DP:HF:CILOW:CIUP:SDP 0/1:4860:0.004:0.003:0.006:14;6
chrX    909 .   G   T   .   PASS    AC=1;AN=2   GT:DP:HF:CILOW:CIUP:SDP 0/1:4973:0.002:0.001:0.004:7;4
chrX    916 .   C   A   .   PASS    AC=1;AN=2   GT:DP:HF:CILOW:CIUP:SDP 0/1:4998:0.001:0.0:0.002:4;1
chrX    917 .   C   A   .   PASS    AC=1;AN=2   GT:DP:HF:CILOW:CIUP:SDP 0/1:4962:0.001:0.0:0.002:4;1
chrX    932 .   C   T   .   PASS    AC=1;AN=2   GT:DP:HF:CILOW:CIUP:SDP 0/1:4884:0.001:0.0:0.003:4;2
chrX    933 .   G   A,T .   PASS    AC=1,1;AN=3 GT:DP:HF:CILOW:CIUP:SDP 0/1/2:4863:0.001,0.001:0.0,0.001:0.002,0.003:5;0,3;4
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I need to get HF values split accordingly as well, like this:

chrX 29 . G A . PASS AC=1,1;AN=3 GT:DP:HF:CILOW:CIUP:SDP 0/1/2:4839:0.003:0.002,0.0:0.005,0.003:14;0,4;2

and that would be wrong because AC should have only one value and FORMAT/GT can't be '0/1/2'....

I tried various tools to split this,

which one ? did you try bcftools norm ?

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It is OK if the tool would give a split results for GT, what I was meaning is I dont care about GT at all in that case, i need to get HF values split. Yes, I tried bcftools norm, vt decompose, split.py (a custom python script I found here) and some others that I do not remember the names, but none worked so far.

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can you try posting example vcf with headers?

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I updated the question, thanks a lot

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Thanks.

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