I am a mathematician started learning system biology - so I have a couple of questions.
Alleles are different forms of the one gene. How could we understand that A1 and A2 are alleles of the same gene but not two different genes?
The genes are translated into proteins through RNAs. How this translation is often? And how does it happen? Suppose that for simplicity there are only 3 genes in DNA: G1,G2,G3. What determines times when each of the genes will be translated?