Question: Whole Genome Dna Amplification Before Applying Wgs
gravatar for Thomas
6.9 years ago by
Copenhagen, DK
Thomas730 wrote:

Dear all

We have some DNA samples that I would like to run whole genome sequencing on. Unfortunately these samples only contain very little DNA (too little for WGS). It has then been suggested to do whole genome amplification of the DNA before sequencing. This approach is commonly used before doing genotyping of a specific SNP.

Do you think that the pre-amplification will create a lot of bias in the seqeuncing (i.e generate many false postive genotype call, indell calls, CNV, etc.)?

Another approach could be to do single cell sequencing. What are the pros and cons when applying this?

Thanks a lot for any comments!

best wishes, Thomas

indel ngs dna snp qualitycontrol • 3.2k views
ADD COMMENTlink modified 6.9 years ago by Chris Miller21k • written 6.9 years ago by Thomas730

Thanks to all the comments/concerns you have provided below. This is indeed very helpfull. I will talk to the lab about applying MALBAC to small amounts of DNA (not single Cell). If anyone has hands on experience with MALBAC I would very much like more comments. Thanks again. Thomas

ADD REPLYlink written 6.9 years ago by Thomas730

MALBAC is pretty recent...the paper was only published at the end of last year, and I first heard of it about two months ago. It may be hard to track down people with hands on experience outside of the lab that developed the technique.

ADD REPLYlink written 6.9 years ago by Mitch Bekritsky1.2k
gravatar for Christof Winter
6.9 years ago by
Lund, Sweden
Christof Winter990 wrote:

I guess the biggest in whole genome amplification is introduced by PCR: you will get an underrepresentation of both GC-rich and GC-low DNA fragments in your WGS results. Have a look at this paper: That means any variant calls in underrepresented regions will be affected (producing false negatives). Copy number might turn out fine if properly corrected for GC content.

ADD COMMENTlink written 6.9 years ago by Christof Winter990
gravatar for Chris Miller
6.9 years ago by
Chris Miller21k
Washington University in St. Louis, MO
Chris Miller21k wrote:

WGA introduces a ton of bias, most notably in the creation of regions with loss of heterozygosity, where one allele didn't amplify. I'm not saying it's never useful, but be cautious in your interpretation.

ADD COMMENTlink written 6.9 years ago by Chris Miller21k

That's why I recommended that Thomas consider MALBAC--at least according to the paper, it significantly reduces loss of heterozygosity, which would ease discovery.

ADD REPLYlink written 6.9 years ago by Mitch Bekritsky1.2k
gravatar for Mitch Bekritsky
6.9 years ago by
Mitch Bekritsky1.2k
London, England
Mitch Bekritsky1.2k wrote:

I'm no expert, but maybe try a linear amplification protocol? I've heard good things about MALBAC. It has reduced amplification bias compared to standard WGA, which will mean you can more accurately call CNVs, indels and SNPs, although according to the paper, there is still a ~1% allele dropout rate (which I think is still much better than WGA). The paper describes its use for single cell sequencing, but it could work in any experimental setup where you don't have a lot of input DNA. In this case, I don't know that there's a tradeoff between low input vs single cell, provided you have a good method to isolate single cells prior to amplification.

There's no mention in the paper of how the method performs on extreme GC biased regions though, so Christof's concerns are still valid.

ADD COMMENTlink written 6.9 years ago by Mitch Bekritsky1.2k
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