It Is Wise To Transfer Kegg Annotations Between Orthologs?
2
3
Entering edit mode
9.6 years ago
mgalactus ▴ 760

Hi,

we have a set of bacterial genomes for which we know the pangenome AND the KEGG annotation (the KO codes) for each protein. If two proteins are orthologs, is it correct to transfer the KO code from one protein to another that wasn't annotated by KEGG? According to one of the many definitions of orthologs ("two orthologs share the same function") it should be correct.

Thanks

kegg annotation • 2.0k views
ADD COMMENT
2
Entering edit mode
9.6 years ago
David ▴ 740

This is a valid approach. It is already in used to propagate annotation for genes in GO http://www.geneontology.org/GO.evidence.shtml

ADD COMMENT
0
Entering edit mode

Thanks. What bothers me is the fact that one of the orthologs was not annotated by KEGG, which could mean that it hasn't the function of the other ortholog. But i guess that we can add an evidence flag like in GO or Uniprot...

ADD REPLY
1
Entering edit mode

You definitely should do that. In addition you may want to read some of the papers that have come out over the last two years or so from Marc Robinson-Rechavi's group and Martin Hahn's about the "ortholog conjecture." Hahn showed some potential problems but Robinson-Rechavi and other did some additional analyses and showed that it still held (orthologs more functionally similar than paralogs) but there are still some things to consider and keep in mind. That was mostly limited to Eukaryotes and in particular Metazoa where tissue-specificity and such can be an issue but worth familiarizing yourself with.

ADD REPLY
0
Entering edit mode

Thanks, I'll definitely read the papers you are suggesting and keep track of the "transferred" annotations

ADD REPLY
2
Entering edit mode
9.6 years ago

Yes. That's why we use the 'id mapping' tools/ finding orthologs's ids- but unfortunately-

  1. KEGG/ MetaCyc are NOT always complete.
  2. Missing Hits may NOT indicate "missing protein/ function" but a poorly annotated DB (not updated).
  3. Curation level of the DB are sometimes questionable as well.
  4. Genomes/ proteomes/ transcriptomes from users like (you/ me) may provide "gaps"/ "missing links" for pathways/ functionality - and are traceable- suppose A goes through B, C, D, E and in your organism, A goes to D and E steps directly, indicating "missing proteins/ functions" [unless those steps are biochemically redundant or are "spontaneous/ biogenic" in a biological system]

Thanks,

ADD COMMENT

Login before adding your answer.

Traffic: 2653 users visited in the last hour
Help About
FAQ
Access RSS
API
Stats

Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement and Privacy Policy.

Powered by the version 2.3.6