Question: Obtain Position Of Numbers In Python Array
gravatar for rosarylimyt
6.8 years ago by
rosarylimyt70 wrote:

Hey all,

I'm having problems with obtaining the range of positions of certain numbers in an array. As an example, I have:


as my array. I would like Python to tell me which are the range of positions where I will find ONLY zeros.

i.e. it should spit out: [0,2] , [10,12] , [15] as answers to me.

The script I cracked my brains over is:

s = 0
e = 0
prev_char = ''
s_e_list = []
for char in cover_array:    
    cnt += 1
    #print char, cnt
    if char == '1' and prev_char != '1':
        e = cnt - 1
        #add the start and end to a list
        s_e = "%d_%d"%(s,e)
        print s_e, s, e
        #intialize start to zero
        s = 0
        e = 0
    #print char
    elif s == 0 and prev_char == '1':
        s = cnt
        print s
    elif char == '0':
        if s == 0:
            s = cnt
    prev_char = char

print s_e_list

But the results weren't accurate, it seems to fall short of a few positions. Am I doing it wrongly?

All feedback are welcomed =]


array python position index • 2.5k views
ADD COMMENTlink modified 6.8 years ago by David W4.7k • written 6.8 years ago by rosarylimyt70

You should ask general programming questions on, not here. Your question is unrelated to bioinformatics.

ADD REPLYlink written 6.8 years ago by Michael Dondrup47k
gravatar for David W
6.8 years ago by
David W4.7k
New Zealand
David W4.7k wrote:

One way is to use the groupby function from itertools, which splits a list into runs of identical elements.

One approach:

from itertools import groupby
array = [0,0,0,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,0,0,0,1,1,0]

for group,k in groupby(enumerate(array), lambda(i,x): x):
    print group, [i for i,element in k]

## 0 [0, 1, 2]
## 1 [3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]
## 0 [10, 11, 12]
## 1 [13, 14]
## 0 [15]
ADD COMMENTlink written 6.8 years ago by David W4.7k

Please don't answer off topic questions. This is diluting the overall quality of this site.

ADD REPLYlink modified 6.8 years ago • written 6.8 years ago by Michael Dondrup47k

I hadn't seen your comment when I answered, and assumed there was a bioinformatics angle hiding in the questions. Go ahead and delete/close if Rosary doesn't provide one.

ADD REPLYlink written 6.8 years ago by David W4.7k

Thank you so much David.

Michael: I'm trying to use an array here to identify all coordinates (start & end positions) of unpredicted ORFs. In that sense, all the 1s are actually predicted ORFs and 0s would be the unpredicted ones - which I'm interested. As such, I'm just trying to be straightforward when seeking help and post a 'shorter' example of the problem shown as my original post. However, if you still reckon my question is of no relevance to bioinformatics still, then sure, I'll post them on stackoverflow in future, no problem. I merely felt that there's a more prestigous pool of people with expertise to help in an ASAP manner here on Biostars that's all.

ADD REPLYlink written 6.8 years ago by rosarylimyt70

it is ok as it stands now, but note that it is the posters responsibility to show the connection to bioinformatics, not ours to guess one. I still believe that questions that are about the basics of programming, even if they are motivated by bioinformatics, might be better posted elsewhere.

ADD REPLYlink written 6.8 years ago by Michael Dondrup47k
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