**210**wrote:

A question concerning the interpretation of microarray expression data -

After running GEO2R, which uses limma-based package for value comparison, I got a table of genes with their

```
"ID" "adj.P.Val" "P.Value" "t" "B" "logFC" "Gene.symbol" "Gene.title"
```

From what I read on google, B-value and the moderated t (and hence P or adj P value) should rank the genes in the same order, which is true for my output table. However, according to other postings on google, only probes with positive B-values are thought to have a "differential expression". In my output, among the 54000 probes, only 85 probes show a "SIGNIFICANT" p-value (<0.05) but with positive B-values (many with p-value <0.0006 also have negative B-values).

How do we interpret those probes with low p-value but negative B-values ? Any suggestion or direction for more information on this issue ? Great many thanks.

**25k**• written 5.4 years ago by CrazyB •

**210**

A p-value of 0.0006 may not be significant with 54000 tests. Are the lowest p-values also the largest B-values?

25kAh, so is it correct that we should or must take into account the total number of tests in limma to gauge the significance ? And yes, the lowest p is 0.00000265 and it does have the largest B (3.055469). But this would mean most of the genes in the array show NO differential expression, right?

210The output from topTable includes the "adj.P.Val" column. This is the p-value adjusted for multiple testing. By default, the method used is "BH" (Benjamini & Hochberg), also known as "fdr" (false discovery rate). See ?p.adjust.

48k