Difference between a bin and a MAG
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8 weeks ago

Hello,

I am aware that binning is an important step for reconstructing metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs).

Once I complete the binning, I have a folder with several bins. Can I directly consider them MAGs?

Is there any standard criteria to classify a bin as a MAG? Or an extra step after binning that I am not aware of?

metagenomics mags binning • 472 views
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8 weeks ago
Mensur Dlakic ★ 13k

What Nitin Narwade said.

Basically, MAGs are bins that have been checked for completeness and refined if necessary. Any of your bins that are >90% complete and <10% contaminated can be considered MAGs as they are. Some people will even say >70% complete and <10% contaminated already qualifies as a MAG.

Yet if your bin is only 30% complete, or maybe 100% complete but 300% contaminated, you will have to work on them before they can be considered MAGs.

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Thank you very for the help!!!

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8 weeks ago
Nitin Narwade ★ 1.1k

Well, it is always advisable to check the bin quality before declaring it as MAG.

Usually, after binning, I try and assess its quality using checkM, along with some additional parameters such as the number of predicted genes per bin, assembly size, coverage, GC content, and etc. Also, I predict the organism-specific phylogenetic markers such as 16S rRNA or ITS and then search them in the database to check whether the predicted bins have any contamination OR not.

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Thank you both for the information!

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