Quality All Low in VCF Files
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10 weeks ago
BQ • 0

Hi, my goal is to make a vcf file combining 30 samples. I have trimmed all 30 samples, converted them into sam/bam files, and sorted, all separately. Then I combined them, with the reference genome, to form a bcf then vcf file. Then I realize that the QUAL value of every line is low (prob all 0).

My question: which step did I do wrong, or this is normal, or this is only the problem of the samples?

I used this pipeline: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/sites/ebi.ac.uk/files/content.ebi.ac.uk/materials/2014/140217_AgriOmics/dan_bolser_snp_calling.pdf

Here is what I got: enter image description here

enter image description here

quality vcf low calling variant • 429 views
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used this pipeline:

bwa aln ? this is an old pipeline unless you're working with short reads (length<50-70).

did you run any QC on the fastq ? on the BAMs ? what is the mean depth of coverage ?

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I see, the bam depth of coverage is ~1, which prob is not right. So I decided to use the bam files created from bwa mem earlier, which have depth of coverage ~100. However, after I combined all samples (bam) to call variant, the produced vcf does not show the samples, i.e. no "sample1" "sample2" after "FILTER" "INFO "FORMAT", only "bar". The QUAL and POS seems good this time.

Where did I do wrong and how should I fix it? Or this is correct?

My goal is to produce a vcf file for this group of samples, and do the same thing for the other group. Then I want to combine the two vcf files for a GWAS in plink. Am I doing it correctly?

This is the code I used:

bcftools mpileup -Ou -f GCF_000195955-Copy1.2_ASM19595v2_genomic.fna 1.bam 2.bam 3.bam (all other bams) 29.bam | bcftools call -mv -Ob -o TibetNew.bcf
bcftools convert -O v -o TibetNew.vcf TibetNew.bcf
less TibetNew.vcf

enter image description here enter image description here

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1) why a screenshot when you can copy-n-paste the text

2) what is the use of `bcftools convert' here ??

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1) Sorry I am new to here. Thought a screenshot can be more visual.

2) To convert bcf to vcf

Do you or anyone know what is the reason of the only column "bar"? Would appreciate any help for my project to proceed.

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