I am creating a neural network and I want to use chromosome as a predictor for the feature I am interested in. There's two ways I can encode chromosome number to do this: integer encoding and one-hot encoding. In the former, chr01 becomes 1, chr02 becomes 2, etc and it's all fed in. In the latter, my one column representing chromosome number turns into a number of columns equal to the number of chromosomes in my organism of interest. So if it has 20 chromosomes, I get 20 columns, all but one of which are 0/False with the true chromosome that the feature is on being 1/True.
The drawback of the first method is that it imposes an ordinal relationship between chromosome numbers. The latter greatly increases the dimensionality of my data. Any suggestions as to which one I should go with, or which is more typical to use?