How to calculate the Genetic Distance (P-Distance) by using mtDNA pacBio data?
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9 days ago

Genetic_Distance

Dear researchers and experts,

I am using mtDNA PacBio data to calculate genetic distance (P distance). For my analysis, I have been utilizing bioinformatics tools on a Linux platform. Initially, I tried using BCFtools, followed by running a script in Python (PyCharm) to measure genetic distance (P distance). Could you please suggest some tools for these calculations? I humbly request your guidance from the beginning. Could someone please help me? Below, I have attached a screenshot of my calculations. Currently, I am using data from three species, with each species having data from three different locations. Please guide me about this.

These are the commands I have used:

Step 2: Call Variants

Identify the differences between your PacBio reads and the reference genome using a variant caller such as BCFtools.

Commands

Call variants using BCFtools:

`bcftools mpileup -f reference.fasta sorted_aligned_reads_with_rg.bam | bcftools call -mv -Oz -o variants.vcf.gz`
`bcftools filter -i 'QUAL > 30 && DP > 10' variants.vcf.gz -Oz -o filtered_variants.vcf.gz`
`bcftools index filtered_variants.vcf.gz`

Step 3: Calculate Genetic Distance

Use the filtered variants to calculate the genetic distance (P distance) between the sequences.

Example Python Script to Calculate P Distance

1. Extract allele frequencies:

`bcftools query -f '%CHROM\t%POS\t%REF\t%ALT\t%AF\n' filtered_variants.vcf.gz > allele_frequencies.txt`

2. Calculate P distance using Python:

import pandas as pd
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

# Load allele frequency data
allele_freqs = pd.read_csv('allele_frequencies.txt', sep='\t', names=['CHROM', 'POS', 'REF', 'ALT', 'AF'])

# Calculate P distance
total_sites = len(allele_freqs)
diff_sites = sum(allele_freqs['AF'] > 0)  # Count sites with non-reference alleles

p_distance = diff_sites / total_sites
print(f'P distance: {p_distance}')

# Visualization
# Histogram of allele frequencies
plt.figure(figsize=(10, 6))
plt.hist(allele_freqs['AF'], bins=20, edgecolor='black')
plt.title('Histogram of Allele Frequencies')
plt.xlabel('Allele Frequency')
plt.ylabel('Count')
plt.grid(True)
plt.show()

# Scatter plot of positions vs allele frequencies
plt.figure(figsize=(10, 6))
plt.scatter(allele_freqs['POS'], allele_freqs['AF'], alpha=0.5)
plt.title('Allele Frequencies by Position')
plt.xlabel('Position')
plt.ylabel('Allele Frequency')
plt.grid(True)
plt.show()

Thank you for your assistance.

pacBio Genetic-Distance mtDNA • 194 views
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Entering edit mode

Please use the formatting bar (especially the code option) to present your post better. You can use backticks for inline code (`text` becomes text), or use one of (a) the option highlighted in the image below/ (b) fenced code blocks for multi-line code. Fenced code blocks are useful in syntax highlighting. If your code has long lines with a single command, break those lines into multiple lines with proper escape sequences so they're easier to read and still run when copy-pasted. I've done it for you this time.
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