Question: How To Get The "Library Insert Size" Out Of A Sam/Bam File?
5
gravatar for Pascal
8.2 years ago by
Pascal1.5k
Barcelona
Pascal1.5k wrote:

Hi

I would like to run SOAPindel and I need to provide at least the following parameters:

  • insert size of library
  • max read length in the alignment file

Given a sam/bam file how could I know the "insert size of library" ?

Regards, Pascal

sam • 11k views
ADD COMMENTlink modified 5.3 years ago by Biostar ♦♦ 20 • written 8.2 years ago by Pascal1.5k

What do you need exactly ... a full distribution , median/average ? Based on all pairs or only uniquely mapped ?

ADD REPLYlink written 8.2 years ago by toni2.1k
9
gravatar for toni
8.2 years ago by
toni2.1k
Lyon
toni2.1k wrote:

If you want to guess what your insert is, here follows a piece of code I wrote using Bamtools API :

File biostar14384.cpp :

#include <iostream>
#include <fstream>
#include <ctime>
#include "api/BamReader.h"
#include "api/BamWriter.h"

using namespace std;
using namespace BamTools;

// Bin of 20 bp for insert size dist
#define BIN 20
// Max insert value in dist
#define MAX_V 1000
// Max index value in dist
#define MAX_I MAX_V/BIN

// Array of length MAXV/BIN with all values
// initialized to zero
int dist [MAX_I+1] = {0};


int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
    // Reading input parameter (BAM file)
    string inputBamFile;
    char * outputPath;


    if ( argc == 3 )
    {
        inputBamFile  = argv[1];
        outputPath    = argv[2];
    }
    else
    {
        cerr << "Wrong number of arguments. Requires 2." << endl;
        cerr << "Input BAM & output file path." << endl;
        return 1;
    }

    // Open the BAM file for reading
    BamReader reader;
    if (!reader.Open(inputBamFile))
    {
        cerr << "Could not open input BAM file." << endl;
        return 1;
    }

    // Opening output file for writing
    char outputFile [200];
    strcpy (outputFile,outputPath);
    strcat (outputFile,"/insertSizeDist.txt");
    ofstream outfile (outputFile);
    if ( !outfile )
    {
           // outfile is bad
           cerr << "Bad output filename : " << outputFile << endl;
           return EXIT_FAILURE;
    }


    time_t myTime = time(NULL);
    cout << asctime(localtime(&myTime));
    cout << "Generating Insert Size Distribution...";


    // Now processing each record of the BAM file
    BamAlignment al;

    int count = 0;

    while (reader.GetNextAlignment(al)) {

        int32_t tag;
        int32_t insertSize;
        int index;

        if (al.IsPaired())
        {

            if (al.IsFirstMate())
            {

                if (al.IsMapped())
                {

                    if (al.IsMateMapped())
                    {
                        count++;
                        insertSize = abs(al.InsertSize);
                        index = insertSize/BIN;
                        if (index > MAX_I) { index = MAX_I; }
                        dist[index]++;
                    }
                }
            }
        }    
    }
    reader.Close();

    // Now printing the distribution to output file
    outfile << ">>INSERT_SIZE_DISTRIBUTION" << endl;
    outfile << "RANGE\tVALUE" << endl;

    int i;
    short int inf;
    short int sup;

    for(i=0; i < MAX_I; i++)
    {
        inf = i*BIN;
        sup = (i+1)*BIN-1;
        outfile << inf << "_" << sup << "\t" << dist[i] << endl;
    }

    inf = MAX_I*BIN;
    outfile << inf << "_" << "INF" << "\t" << dist[MAX_I] << endl;
    outfile.close();

    cout << "done." << endl;
    cout << count << " pairs used (both reads mapped)." << endl;
    myTime = time(NULL);
    cout << asctime(localtime(&myTime));

    return 0;
}

Compile with :

c++ -I /...../bamtools/include/ -L /...../bamtools/lib/ -o biostar14384 biostar14384.cpp -lz -lbamtools

Execute :

./biostar14384 bams/5183_8_sw.mkdup.bam /my/output/dir/

Standard Output :

Wed Nov 16 15:36:12 2011
Generating Insert Size Distribution...done.
27065940 pairs used (both reads mapped).
Wed Nov 16 15:40:25 2011

File /my/output/dir/insertSizeDist.txt :

>>INSERT_SIZE_DISTRIBUTION
RANGE    VALUE
0_19    125402
20_39    2556
40_59    2718
60_79    1859
80_99    2963
100_119    147176
120_139    174268
140_159    186298
160_179    192914
180_199    198538
200_219    207544
220_239    218097
240_259    237805
260_279    278922
280_299    354523
300_319    520249
320_339    1168630
340_359    2503095
360_379    3302285
380_399    3274498
400_419    2943622
420_439    2583942
440_459    2257605
460_479    1953723
480_499    1659179
500_519    1301254
520_539    794974
540_559    314170
560_579    76720
580_599    15034
600_619    6246
620_639    4831
640_659    4758
660_679    5138
680_699    1289
700_719    1274
720_739    1198
740_759    962
760_779    863
780_799    860
800_819    807
820_839    911
840_859    814
860_879    698
880_899    250
900_919    190
920_939    233
940_959    232
960_979    215
980_999    168
1000_INF    33440

Hope this helps !

ADD COMMENTlink written 8.2 years ago by toni2.1k

Thanks for the code - I think you're missing a few includes like cstdlib.

ADD REPLYlink written 8.2 years ago by Chris Penkett480

It was fast - the one thing is that I get this error - "SamFormatParser ERROR: unknown SQ tag: AN"

ADD REPLYlink written 8.2 years ago by Chris Penkett480

'AN' is not described in the official SAM documentation for record @SQ. So it doesn't seem that custom tags are supported by Bamtools. I can not do anything about it. As for 'cstlib', why should it be included ? (I am not a C++ expert) The code works fine on my machine

ADD REPLYlink written 8.2 years ago by toni2.1k
1
gravatar for Damian Kao
8.2 years ago by
Damian Kao15k
USA
Damian Kao15k wrote:

Here is the SAM file specs: http://samtools.sourceforge.net/SAM1.pdf

It might be in the SAM headers. Look for a "@RG PI" header. If it's not in the headers, then you'll probably have to just parse through the SAM file and extrapolate it yourself.

ADD COMMENTlink written 8.2 years ago by Damian Kao15k

Yes good point: I saw this PI in RG header but I forgot to say that my sam file does not have this value.

When you say extrapolate it yourself, you mean doing for instance calculating the average of lengths between read pairs? (I found something like 297).

ADD REPLYlink written 8.2 years ago by Pascal1.5k

Yes good point: I saw this PI the specs too in RG header but I forgot to say that my sam file does not have this parameter set in RG. When you say extrapolate it yourself, you mean doing for instance calculating the average of lengths between read pairs? (I found something like 297).

ADD REPLYlink written 8.2 years ago by Pascal1.5k

Yeah calculate the average length between pairs yourself. Are there no information on what software and parameters the mapping was done?

ADD REPLYlink written 8.2 years ago by Damian Kao15k
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