Questions about CpG concept
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8.1 years ago
mangfu100 ▴ 800

Hi all.

I am reading a paper but I couldn't understand some concepts even though I tried to search it on the web.

here is the paper's address and in the article, below bold sentence is what I didn't understand. (http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v500/n7463/full/nature12477.html)

Both are characterized by prominence of C>T substitutions at NpCpG trinucleotides.

Signature 2 is characterized by C>T and C>G mutations at TpCpN trinucleotides.

I know what the CpG is. (I think that it is a site where C and G frequently appear). However what the Np is?

Also, I didn't get what the TpCpN is.. what is the meaning of N?

I really appreciate it if you could help me understand :)

sequencing • 2.8k views
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4
Entering edit mode
8.1 years ago
kloetzl ★ 1.1k

The p is the phosphorus group connecting two nucleotides in the DNA. Thus CpG is a Cytosine followed by a Guanine, on the same strand. N is any nucleotide. So NpCpG is any nucleotide followed by C followed by G. It is written CpG to distinguish it from CG bonding base pairs.

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