**170**wrote:

I am trying to analyze some targeted RNA-seq data, where for each sample/mouse I have data from two panels. Because there are two panels, the data for each sample effectively have two library sizes. This means I can't just rbind the two panels together and use a normal RNA seq workflow. In principle, I could analyze each panel separately (and in fact I have done this), but because I want to do gene set testing (CAMERA and ROAST), I need to combine the panels together into one `DGEList`

object that accounts for the different library sizes. [edit: evidently I misunderstood the advice and `scaleOffset`

is not necessary; see Smyth's answer below] I am kindly informed that `scaleOffset`

in the `edgeR`

package makes this possible (thanks Gordon Smyth! C: differential gene set testing combining genes from multiple panels ). However, I'm having trouble figuring out how this is done, and that is the purpose of this question.

I've had trouble finding documentation/example code for `scaleOffset`

; the best example I've found to work from is this question at support.bioconductor.org: https://support.bioconductor.org/p/109361/
Here, Martin Weirauch has summed the output of `calcNormFactors`

with the `colSums`

of his count matrix. I'm not really following all of the `t()`

calls to transpose the matrices, so maybe that's where I'm going wrong. Here's the code I'm working with:

```
cntTab <- rbind(panel1, panel2)
p1 <- rownames(panel1)
p2 <- rownames(panel2)
nf1 <- calcNormFactors(cntTab[p1,])
nf2 <- calcNormFactors(cntTab[p2,])
ls1 <- colSums(cntTab[p1,])
ls2 <- colSums(cntTab[p2,])
offMat <- matrix(c(rep(log(nf1)+log(ls1), length(p1)),
rep(log(nf2)+log(ls2), length(p2))),
nrow=length(p1)+length(p2))
cntTab <- DGEList(cntTab)
cntTab <- scaleOffset(cntTab, offMat)
cntTab <- estimateDisp(cntTab, dzn)
fit <- glmQLFit(cntTab, design=dzn)
```

I wasn't sure if this was correct, so I compared the log-fold changes obtained using this code to lfc's previously obtained from running `limma+voom`

separately on each panel, and the correlation is a little fuzzy (r=0.87, rho=0.77). Notably, if I remove the `scaleOffset`

line, the correlation of fold-changes is much tighter (r=0.95, rho=0.93) - i believe that this is like assuming the two panels are one and each sample gets one library size. If I keep `scaleOffset`

but change the offset matrix so that I no longer include `+log(ls1)`

, then I improve the correlation by a negligible amount (r=0.96).

The fact that doing it in a way I know is "wrong" (forgetting there are two panels) reproduces my previous results more closely than doing it the way I thought was right (using `colSums(panel1)`

), I suspect I've gone wrong somewhere!

Any help would be most appreciated.