I was reading this article when I read the follow sentence:
"We compared the two datasets and identified 42 miRNAs that were differentially expressed between SS and SR groups in both datasets.", "Pathway analysis with DIANA’smirPATH software using the microCts algorithm identified target pathways predicted to be regulated by these differentially expressed miRNAs"
As far as I know, a "pathway analysis" is a type of pathway topology method on which all the data without previous thresholds is used. I thought they refer to a over-representation analysis like GO enrichment, but they present signaling pathways on their results and I'm not sure if they are are GO terms (e.g.: MAPK signaling pathway, Thyroid Hormone Signaling). Considering this, what is the meaning of the previous statement?, What am I misunderstanding?.
Thanks in advance!