Duplication genes in Mitochondrial genome ?
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22 months ago
sunnykevin97 ▴ 980

Hi,

We sequenced the only one fish genome using Pacbio HiFi (HiFi reads for highly accurate long-read sequencing).

I annotated the mitogenomes (3 circular replicons) . using MITOS,

1st replicon - 17. kb

Split/duplicated genes: cox1, nad1, nad2, nad5, trnD

2nd replicon - 17. kb

Split/duplicated genes: cox3, cob, nad1, nad3, nad4, nad5, nad6, rrnL

3rd replicon - 17.kb

Split/duplicated genes: cox1, cob, atp6, nad2, nad4, nad4l, nad5, nad6, rrnL

What I'd be the reason for having more duplicated genes in the 2nd & 3rd replicon (mitogenome) ?

How do I troubleshoot this issue?

Is it because of the problems with the assembly program

Duplication genes were quite common in mitogenomes ?

Suggestions appreciated.

gene genome protein • 868 views
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With HiFi reads, I imagine that your observed duplications are likely real and not assembly artifacts: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5015259/

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Artifacts are still possible,

Genes like nad and rrnL, have splitted one sequence into two separate sequences.

The 2nd sequence from both the genes doesn't code for anything - confirmed by blast.

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The splitting of one sequence into two sub sequences is due to improper annotation.

Annotating with different pipelines clearly clarifies the doubt.

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