Trimming of reads in miRNA-Seq data
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7 months ago
Ezhil La ▴ 40

Dear All,

I have been trying to filter out reads from Fastq files from miRNA-Seq that we received. The read structure looks like the one shown in the figure below. I can use Cutadapt to filter out the adapter (we have the adapter sequence) and retain the 15 - 55 sequence using the -m and -M options. Before this filtering step, I want to filter out the common sequence (we know the sequence) and the UMI. I have tried the Seqkit grep option: seqkit grep -rvip ATCTGTAGGCAGGATCAAT s1.fq.gz -o s1.clean.fq.gz, but the cleaned output fastq file almost looks like the input fastq file. It seems I am missing something.

Are there any tools that I can use to remove the common sequence and the UMI before I proceed to trim reads with Cutadapt?

Many thanks

Read structure

miRNA-Seq Trimming • 1.4k views
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I think the problem with that command is that you will just remove the common sequence and keep smRNA+UMI+adapter.

I would just use the common sequence as the adapter sequence if you don't care about removing PCR duplicates through the UMIs. Or just add this to your command:

seqkit grep -rvip ATCTGTAGGCAGGATCAAT* s1.fq.gz -o s1.clean.fq.gz
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I get an error message when I tried the seqkit with * : zsh: no matches found: ATCTGTAGGCAGGATCAAT*

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Hi, sorry I got mixed with seqkit. seqkit grep cannot do that, it can only give you the full sequence, not a subset. You could use seqkit locate on a fasta file (go from fastq to fasta) to do this operation, but you would loose the information on the quality of the reads. I recommend just using the common sequence as an adapter:

cutadapt  -a ATCTGTAGGCAGGATCAAT -o s1.clean.fq.gz s1.fq.gz

Sorry about the mixup!

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Thanks a lot. I could try this option as well.

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Which miRNA-seq library prep kit are you using? I'm a shill for miRge3.0 - thought it was super easy to get your data processed (if you have a well studied model organism) although hard to customize for more complex/downstream applications.

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QIAseq miRNA Library Kit.

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Good call, from personal experience that's the one that worked the best. I'd still check out the miRge3.0 pipeline, they have a one-liner that works near perfectly for the QIAseq kit.

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7 months ago
GenoMax 141k

to remove the common sequence and the UMI

You can use bbduk.sh from BBMap suite to do this. Try

bbduk.sh -Xmx2g in=your.fq.gz out=clean.fq.gz literal=ATCTGTAGGCAGGATCAAT ktrim=r k=7 

I will suggest that you stay with bbduk.sh and complete whatever you need to do.

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Thanks a lot. I tried with

bbduk.sh -Xmx27g in=s1.fastq.gz out=s1.bbduk.fastq.gz literal=ATCTGTAGGCAGGATCAAT ktrim=r k=7 minlen=15

It seems it removed 50.56% of reads from the Input (below is the output from the bbduk). Is this normal?

  • Input: 26325090 reads 1956237471 bases.
  • KTrimmed: 26221546 reads (99.61%) 1624914349 bases (83.06%)
  • Total Removed: 13309234 reads (50.56%) 1624914349 bases (83.06%)
  • Result: 13015856 reads (49.44%) 331323122 bases (16.94%)

Is there any parameter to filter out reads beyond the length of 55 (maximum length)?

Many thanks

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Is there any parameter to filter out reads beyond the length of 55 (maximum length)?

You can add maxlength=55 to the command.

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Thanks a lot.

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