Question: How To Predict Protein'S Melting Point Changes Upon Point Mutations?
2
gravatar for User 2032
8.9 years ago by
User 203220
User 203220 wrote:

Hi All,

I'd like to know whether a point mutation in my protein structure would increase/decrease its stability and how much. Is it possible to predict protein's melting temperature changes upon point mutations using MD simulations or other methods? I would appreciate it if anyone could let me know any good references or tutorials on this topic.

Thanks in advance.

protein mutation structure • 3.7k views
ADD COMMENTlink modified 8.9 years ago by Eric Fournier1.4k • written 8.9 years ago by User 203220
3
gravatar for Neilfws
8.9 years ago by
Neilfws48k
Sydney, Australia
Neilfws48k wrote:

Predicting the effects of mutations on the structure and properties of a protein is a very difficult and inaccurate business. The most important thing to bear in mind is that your predictions are very unlikely to be meaningful in terms of "biological reality."

Molecular dynamics has been used to study point mutations; a simple web search for those terms brings up quite a lot of publications. For example:

Insight into a Novel p53 Single Point Mutation (G389E) by Molecular Dynamics Simulations

However, MD is not a trivial exercise. It requires a lot of computing power (normally, access to a cluster) and expertise (in setting up the correct parameters). Furthermore, simulations are generally limited to picosecond timescales which are likely to be too short to observe protein melting in most cases. If you do want to experiment with MD, GROMACS is good for beginners.

Some researchers have also looked at whether primary sequence can be used to predict melting temperature, e.g.:

There is some indication that sequence dipeptide composition is a reasonably good predictor. This is also the basis of the instability index, used by predictive tools such as ProtParam.

ADD COMMENTlink written 8.9 years ago by Neilfws48k
1
gravatar for Chris
8.9 years ago by
Chris1.6k
Munich
Chris1.6k wrote:

Take a look at IMutant. It's a sequence-based tool that predicts ddG upon point mutation.

ADD COMMENTlink written 8.9 years ago by Chris1.6k
0
gravatar for Eric Fournier
8.9 years ago by
Eric Fournier1.4k
Quebec, Canada
Eric Fournier1.4k wrote:

For the effects of single-point mutation on single parameters like melting temperature, you might want to look into Free Energy Perturbation.

ADD COMMENTlink written 8.9 years ago by Eric Fournier1.4k
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