Strip primer sequences from sequencing reads
1
1
Entering edit mode
6.7 years ago
kulvait ▴ 270

Hi,

I have amplicon sequencing data from Illumina TrueSight Myeloid cancer panel. I have exact coordinates of each amplicon and primer sequences. And I have implemented Java code using htsjdk.samtools library to strip primer sequences from paired end mapped data.

The idea is that if there are overlapping amplicons, then primer sequences would possibly interfere with any mutation detection in this region.

My only fear is that my code is unrevised and prone to bugs that might be very silent. Especially when dealing with insertions/deletions within the region of clipping. Is there some tool or data set to test my code against?

Thanks Vojtech.

P.S: I am enclosing part of my code to softclip part of aligned read.

/**
     * Mask samRecord up to position from
     * @param samRecord
     * @param from
     * @return Clipping indel score. Number of insertions/deletions in clipped region.
     * @throws InvalidActivityException
     * @throws InvalidAlgorithmParameterException
     */
    private int maskSoftStart(SAMRecord samRecord, int from) throws InvalidActivityException, InvalidAlgorithmParameterException 
    {
        int indelScore = 0;
        Cigar c = samRecord.getCigar();
        List<CigarElement> cel = c.getCigarElements();
        int cigarPosition = samRecord.getUnclippedStart() - 1;

        Cigar newcigar;
        List<CigarElement> newcigarelm = new ArrayList<CigarElement>();
        if(samRecord.getAlignmentStart() - 1 >= from)
        {
            log.info("Nothing to mask");
            return indelScore;
        }
        boolean containsValidOperator = false;
        int adjustClippedStart = from;
        int softClippingLength = 0;
        for(int i = 0; i != cel.size(); i++)
        {
            CigarElement ce = cel.get(i);
            CigarOperator co = ce.getOperator();
            int length = ce.getLength();
            if(length > 0)
            {
                switch(co)
                {
                case D:
                    if(cigarPosition >= from)
                    {
                        if(softClippingLength != 0)
                        {
                            newcigarelm.add(new CigarElement(softClippingLength, CigarOperator.S));
                            softClippingLength = 0;
                        }
                        newcigarelm.add(ce);
                        containsValidOperator = true;
                    }else if(from - cigarPosition < length)
                    {
                        int x = from - cigarPosition;
                        indelScore += x;
                        if(softClippingLength != 0)
                        {
                            newcigarelm.add(new CigarElement(softClippingLength, CigarOperator.S));
                            softClippingLength = 0;
                        }
                        newcigarelm.add(new CigarElement(length - x, CigarOperator.D));
                        containsValidOperator = true;
                    }else
                    {
                        indelScore += length;
                    }
                    cigarPosition += length;
                    break;
                case I:
                    if(cigarPosition >= from)
                    {
                        if(softClippingLength != 0)
                        {
                            newcigarelm.add(new CigarElement(softClippingLength, CigarOperator.S));
                            softClippingLength = 0;
                        }
                        newcigarelm.add(ce);
                        containsValidOperator = true;
                    }else
                    {
                        indelScore += length;
                        softClippingLength += length;
                    }
                    break;
                case M:
                    if(cigarPosition >= from)
                    {
                        if(softClippingLength != 0)
                        {
                            newcigarelm.add(new CigarElement(softClippingLength, CigarOperator.S));
                            softClippingLength = 0;
                        }
                        newcigarelm.add(ce);
                        containsValidOperator = true;
                    }else if(from - cigarPosition >= length)
                    {
                        softClippingLength += length;
                    }else
                    {
                        int x = from - cigarPosition;
                        softClippingLength += x;
                        newcigarelm.add(new CigarElement(softClippingLength, CigarOperator.S));
                        newcigarelm.add(new CigarElement(length - x, CigarOperator.M));
                        softClippingLength = 0;
                        containsValidOperator = true;
                    }
                    cigarPosition += length;
                    break;
                case S:
                    if(cigarPosition >= from)
                    {
                        if(softClippingLength != 0)
                        {
                            newcigarelm.add(new CigarElement(softClippingLength + length, CigarOperator.S));
                            softClippingLength = 0;
                        }else
                        {
                            newcigarelm.add(ce);
                        }
                    }else
                    {
                        softClippingLength += length;
                        if(from - cigarPosition <= length)
                        {
                            newcigarelm.add(new CigarElement(softClippingLength, CigarOperator.S));
                            softClippingLength = 0;
                        }
                    }
                    cigarPosition += length;
                    break;
                case H:
                    if(cigarPosition >= from)//on the end
                    {
                        if(softClippingLength != 0)
                        {
                            newcigarelm.add(new CigarElement(softClippingLength, CigarOperator.S));
                            softClippingLength = 0;
                        }
                        newcigarelm.add(ce);
                    }else
                    {//On the beginning
                        newcigarelm.add(ce);
                    }
                    cigarPosition += length;
                    break;
                case N:
                case P:
                case EQ:
                case X:
                    throw new InvalidActivityException("Unsupported token " + co.name() + ".");
                }
            }
        }
        if(softClippingLength != 0)
        {
            throw new InvalidActivityException("Soft clipping inconsistency.");
        }
        newcigar = new Cigar(newcigarelm);
        samRecord.setCigar(newcigar);
        samRecord.setAlignmentStart(adjustClippedStart+1);
        if(!containsValidOperator)
        {
            throw new InvalidAlgorithmParameterException("Whole cigar masking");
        }
        return indelScore;
    }
DNA-seq amplicon-seq BAM • 1.4k views
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1
Entering edit mode

Have a look at skewer (or any other published trimmer). It is made to trim adapters from NGS data, no need to implement these NGS standard things yourself.

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1
Entering edit mode
6.7 years ago
Robert Sicko ▴ 630

bamclipper is another program that has implemented soft-clipping of primer sequences. In the example folder of the repository there is are files you can test your code on. I'm not sure how many of the edge cases the example bam contains, but it's a start. Also, here's notes on Illumina's algorithm for these amplicon panels - they note, "(Indels within the ULSO and DLSO are not accepted – they should not be observed given the assay chemistry.)"

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