Duplicate and Different Annotations using biomaRt
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Entering edit mode
4.5 years ago

For the affy HG-U133A_2, I used biomaRt to retrieve the annotation. That being said, I am finding multiple entities for the same probe ID. But only one of these entries is represented in the official annotation file, provided by the vendor. For instance...

200033_at has 4 entries for that particular probe... including protein_coding and miRNA. Additionally, the chromosome_name for a couple of the results include HG183_PATCH (I am assuming this is an old-entry, which has been patched over and replaced by another entry?)

I ended up making a parser for the original annotation file, provided by the vendor, but it seems very strange that biomaRt would retrieve different entries for the exact same probe ID. I was curious if someone knows why this is occurring and anyway to avoid this behavior.

Code:

require("biomaRt")
mart <- useMart("ENSEMBL_MART_ENSEMBL", host="http://grch37.ensembl.org")
mart <- useDataset("hsapiens_gene_ensembl", mart)
x <- listAttributes(mart)
annotLookup <- getBM(mart=mart, attributes=c("affy_hg_u133a_2", "ensembl_gene_id", "gene_biotype", "external_gene_name","chromosome_name","start_position", "end_position","strand"), filter="affy_hg_u133_plus_2", values=rownames(exprs(gset)), uniqueRows=TRUE)
biomaRt biobase ensembl annotations • 1.5k views
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3
Entering edit mode
4.5 years ago

Hey,

biomaRt just provides for an interface to whatever is stored internally at Ensembl, which can evolve / change over time. For these odd situations, it can help to look up the probe ID at the UCSC Genome Browser:

gg

So, the probe is targeting DDX5, however, there are 2 micro RNAs in the region, too. I am not sure why only 1 of the micro RNAs is output by biomaRt, but that could be a question back to Ensembl via their help desk.

The other chromosome contig that comes up is a GRCh37 patch, which happens to coincide with that region: Human Genome Issue HG-183 (indicated by that red bar on the UCSC viewer)

For annotating these, the manufacturers' annotations are better, in my opinion; however, biomaRt fits neatly into automated workflows.

Kevin

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