Question: It Is Wise To Transfer Kegg Annotations Between Orthologs?
gravatar for mgalactus
6.8 years ago by
United Kingdom
mgalactus730 wrote:


we have a set of bacterial genomes for which we know the pangenome AND the KEGG annotation (the KO codes) for each protein. If two proteins are orthologs, is it correct to transfer the KO code from one protein to another that wasn't annotated by KEGG? According to one of the many definitions of orthologs ("two orthologs share the same function") it should be correct.


annotation kegg • 1.5k views
ADD COMMENTlink modified 6.8 years ago by justinhaselbach250 • written 6.8 years ago by mgalactus730
gravatar for David
6.8 years ago by
David730 wrote:

This is a valid approach. It is already in used to propagate annotation for genes in GO

ADD COMMENTlink written 6.8 years ago by David730

Thanks. What bothers me is the fact that one of the orthologs was not annotated by KEGG, which could mean that it hasn't the function of the other ortholog. But i guess that we can add an evidence flag like in GO or Uniprot...

ADD REPLYlink written 6.8 years ago by mgalactus730

You definitely should do that. In addition you may want to read some of the papers that have come out over the last two years or so from Marc Robinson-Rechavi's group and Martin Hahn's about the "ortholog conjecture." Hahn showed some potential problems but Robinson-Rechavi and other did some additional analyses and showed that it still held (orthologs more functionally similar than paralogs) but there are still some things to consider and keep in mind. That was mostly limited to Eukaryotes and in particular Metazoa where tissue-specificity and such can be an issue but worth familiarizing yourself with.

ADD REPLYlink written 6.8 years ago by DG7.1k

Thanks, I'll definitely read the papers you are suggesting and keep track of the "transferred" annotations

ADD REPLYlink written 6.8 years ago by mgalactus730
gravatar for justinhaselbach
6.8 years ago by
United States
justinhaselbach250 wrote:

Yes. That's why we use the 'id mapping' tools/ finding orthologs's ids- but unfortunately-

  1. KEGG/ MetaCyc are NOT always complete.
  2. Missing Hits may NOT indicate "missing protein/ function" but a poorly annotated DB (not updated).
  3. Curation level of the DB are sometimes questionable as well.
  4. Genomes/ proteomes/ transcriptomes from users like (you/ me) may provide "gaps"/ "missing links" for pathways/ functionality - and are traceable- suppose A goes through B, C, D, E and in your organism, A goes to D and E steps directly, indicating "missing proteins/ functions" [unless those steps are biochemically redundant or are "spontaneous/ biogenic" in a biological system]


ADD COMMENTlink written 6.8 years ago by justinhaselbach250
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