Does comparing two different groups to a common third group introduce bias in the analysis?
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6 weeks ago
Qi • 0

-i have 3 group of RNAseq samples, let's call them group A, B, and C.

-i have performed DESEQ on A vs C, and B vs C.

-then I look at the shared DEGs between both comparisons and make conclusions based on the shared DEGs.

since the comparisons "A vs C" and "B vs C" are not independent (because they both involve group C), does this introduce bias when comparing the DEGs identified in both comparisons?

DESEQ RNAseq • 376 views
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Are you thinking about a specific scenario? If so, can you provide more info? I think the basic answer is that, yes, your choice of group C will influence the DEGs you get from A-vs-C and B-vs-C. I don't think this consitututes "bias", however, at least in the sense of bias as a consistent difference from a true value.

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Note that by basic algebra A vs C and B vs C is the same as A vs B, so you might rethink your analysis to answer your question in a much simpler way.

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6 weeks ago

You are testing groups A and B to a common baseline (C) - I don't see that there is anything wrong with doing that. It is a fairly common approach. To what extent the results will be meaningful will depend on what your are trying to achieve and the specifics of the design.

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