The way BLAST works is by first matching a word from the query and the database, this match is then expanded using dynamic programming. The word is usually 7-256 in length. When using discontiguous BLAST the word is 11-12 letters in a 25 letters long sequence. The way these letters that must match between the query and database are spread differently along the longer sequence. In coding the matching letters will be in the first two nucleotides of every triplet, in maximal they will be spread in a predefined pattern that should maximize the number of matches, two templates just try to match these two patterns.
In short discontiguous BLAST allows matches that don't have a 7 letters word that perfectly match between the two.
5.0 years ago by
Asaf ♦ 5.6k