Question: Why is log-intensity instead of log-ratio used to develop gene expression classifiers?
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gravatar for Diwan
6.4 years ago by
Diwan590
United States
Diwan590 wrote:

Hello,

I am trying to generate a gene signature using data from affy 3' chip. Most of the reported gene expression based classifiers use log-intensities to generate a gene signature. Is there any reason for that? Can we also use log-ratio  (such as cancer1-normal,cancer2-normal, etc...) instead of intensity. The gene expression intensity should be analyzed in relative-terms rather than absolute value, is that correct?

Your reply will be really helpful.

 

Thanks

Diwan

 

 

 

ADD COMMENTlink modified 6.4 years ago by Charles Warden7.9k • written 6.4 years ago by Diwan590
1
gravatar for Charles Warden
6.4 years ago by
Charles Warden7.9k
Duarte, CA
Charles Warden7.9k wrote:

The rationale is that you need to be able to apply the classifier to a single-sample.  This typically requires working with an intensity value (most likely from the cancer sample, in the example that you provided).

If the data type warrants an analysis of a log2ratio (such as with aCGH data for copy number calls), then that is OK.  However, you have a couple additional considerations to worry about with gene expression data:

1) Does the normal sample provide useful additional information beyond what you can predict with the tumor sample?  In practice, you don't want to run measurements twice if it can be avoided.

2) What is the biological significance of the normal sample?  Can you truly call it an example of an unaffected tissue that is equivalent to the tumor tissue?  This is not such a big deal with DNA analysis, but it is important for RNA analysis.  For example, I've been knocked for assuming that adjacent tumor is equivalent to unaffected normal tissue from another patient (which *shouldn't* be used in your classifier.  For example, differences could be due to the proportion of epithelial cells rather than because of a pathogenic aberration: http://breast-cancer-research.com/content/12/5/R87

ADD COMMENTlink written 6.4 years ago by Charles Warden7.9k
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