Question: Coverage depth and breadth after recaliberation
gravatar for nikkihathi
3.2 years ago by
nikkihathi20 wrote:


My question is related to the coverage of reads at two steps first, after mapping and second post-alignment processing. The main aim of my project is to identify the somatic mutation. For this, I would think that the coverage of the post-alignment process should be good.  My variant calling pipeline is very standard with default parameters and LENIENT stringency criteria that consist of the following steps:

1. trimming (trimmomatic -0.35)

2. Alignment (bowtie2)

3. AddOrReplaceReadGroups, MarkDuplicates (Picard)

4. RealignerTargetCreator, IndelRealigner (GATK)

5. FixMateInformation (Picard)

6. HaplotypeCaller (GATK)

After step 2, I found that there are approx 1000 reads for the exome of interest. however, after step 3,4 and 5, we found less than 10 reads. I am not sure for the reasons, but we tracked the decrease in the read number after mark duplicate step.

Is there any paper/discussion to suggest the what should be the minimum and maximum required/acceptable reads to identify somatic mutations?

Is my pipeline creating this problem? Will using samtools + VarScan2 be a better solution without step 3 and 4? As I think the number of reads to identify somatic mutation is very low and because of that in VCF annotation, we are unable to identify the known mutations. 

Any help suggestion is appreciated.


ADD COMMENTlink written 3.2 years ago by nikkihathi20
gravatar for Daniel Swan
3.2 years ago by
Daniel Swan13k
Aberdeen, UK
Daniel Swan13k wrote:

Let me guess - you're using an amplicon system for capture and then de-duplicating the data?

ADD COMMENTlink modified 3.2 years ago • written 3.2 years ago by Daniel Swan13k

Yes, we are using Agilent HaloPlex - Amplicons. I did not look for the pipeline according to the sequencing data. After going through initial search, my guess is that I can skip step 3-5 and after alignment step I can perform variant calling. Is this correct way to proceed? Is there a paper or discussion that I can find more information and reasoning?

Is there a better method than the one mentioned above i should implement in my pipeline?

ADD REPLYlink written 3.2 years ago by nikkihathi20

Use SureCall from Agilent, it's probably easiest. I've no idea whether Haplotype Caller is good for you, certainly a couple of years ago there was no real support/documentation for amplicon data with GATK. If you're looking for somatic mutations, you should probably be using MuTect anyway if you're wedded to a Broad approach.

You do *not* deduplicate amplicon data - even though Haloplex is a hybrid, it still has significant PCR steps in. If you visualise your BAM file after alignment then you will see that the reads stack up like a city skyline - these are duplicates - they all have the same start and stop position because they're generated by PCR. If you remove duplicates - well you have seen what happens. Removing duplicates is only suitable for situations where you've randomly sheared the DNA and are using (e.g.) hybridisation enrichment.

ADD REPLYlink modified 3.2 years ago • written 3.2 years ago by Daniel Swan13k
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