SnpMatrix from VCF file
3
1
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4.4 years ago
Dhana ▴ 80

Hi,

I am planning on doing eQTL analysis using the MatrixEQTL R (MatrixEQTL link) package and I need to extract genotype information and create a SnpMatrix file for that like the one given here SNP.txt file link. I have tried vcftools to create a similar looking file but to no avail, I have tried

  • vcf-to-tab < genotypes.vcf > requiredFormat.txt

  • vcftools --vcf genotypes.vcf --extract-FORMAT-info GT --out requiredFormat.txt

Is there any other way to extract genotype information from the VCF file and convert it to that format?

Thanks

Description of the SnpMatrix file - In VCF files, 0 represents the reference allele and integers greater than 0 represent the alternate alleles (i.e., 2, 3, 4 would indicate the 2nd, 3rd or 4th allele in the ALT field for a particular variant). This function only supports variants with a single alternate allele and therefore the alternate values will always be 1. Genotypes are stored in the SnpMatrix as 0, 1, 2 or 3 where 0 = missing, 1 = "0/0", 2 = "0/1" or "1/0" and 3 = "1/1". In SnpMatrix terminology, "A" is the reference allele and "B" is the risk allele. Equivalent statements to those made with 0 and 1 allele values would be 0 = missing, 1 = "A/A", 2 = "A/B" or "B/A" and 3 = "B/B".

VCF Eqtl MatrixEQTL SnpMatrix vcftools • 7.0k views
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Hi, I have the same problem - I am attempting to use a vcf file to create a snp matrix formatted for analysis with MatrixEQTL.

I was not able to follow the solution below and I am not familiar with javascript. Could further details be provided for this solution?

Are there complimentary approaches using plink, vcftools, python, R or some combination thereof? Thanks

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I was not able to follow the solution below

what's wrong ? https://meta.stackexchange.com/questions/147616/

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I am not familiar with using javascript and am unclear as to how to implement the script posted. Here is a solution in R that I believe may be simpler:

library(dplyr)
library(VariantAnnotation)
library(snpStats)
row_na_cut = 0.2
fname = "sub_maf_filtered.vcf.gz"
tab <- TabixFile(fname, yieldSize=500000)
param <- ScanVcfParam(fixed="ALT", geno=c("GT", "GL"))
open(tab)
geno_list = c()
while (nrow(vcf_yield <- readVcf(tab, "hg19", param=param)))
  mat <- genotypeToSnpMatrix(vcf_yield)
  nums0 = t(as(mat$genotype, "numeric")) %>% as.data.frame
  row_rem_NA = nums0[rowSumsis.na(nums0)) < row_na_cut*ncol(nums0),]
  if(nrow(row_rem_NA)*ncol(row_rem_NA) > 0){geno_list = rbind( geno_list, row_rem_NA )
}
close(tab)
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the interpreter is a java program named bioalcidae. And it is invoked using

java -jar dist/bioalcidae.jar -f your_script.js input.vcf
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What will you do in multiallelic cases? I have some GT values like 3/3, 1/2, 4/4 etc. You think the coding should be like:

0/0 --> 1 Any other heterozygous combination [1/2, 0/1 etc] --> 2 All other homozygous combination [1/1, 3/3 etc] --> 3 But those positions are ignored when I run BioAlcidae. Can you please share your ideas about this issue? Thanks.

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4
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4.4 years ago

using bioalcidae and the following script: http://lindenb.github.io/jvarkit/BioAlcidae.html

var snp_id=0;
var samples = header.getSampleNamesInOrder();
out.print("id");
for(var i=0;i< samples.size();++i)
    {
    out.print("\t"+samples.get(i));
    }
out.println();

while(iter.hasNext()) {
 var ctx= iter.next();
 ++snp_id;
 out.print(new java.lang.Integer(snp_id));
 for(var i=0;i< samples.size();++i)
    {
    out.print("\t");
    var g= ctx.getGenotype(samples.get(i));
    if(g.isHomRef())
        {
        out.print("1");
        }
    else if(g.isHet())
        {
        out.print("2");
        }
    else if(g.isHomVar())
        {
        out.print("3");
        }
    else 
        {
        out.print("0");
        }
    }

 out.println();
 }
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Thank you very much Pierre. This was the solution I was looking for.

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Hi Pierre, I used the Bioalcidae tool and the provided script for generating the matrix, I wanted to ask is it possible to replace the first field (ID's) of the resulting matrix to the respective variant ID's from the vcf file? or is using the tools such as cut or awk to replace the ids is the only option.

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 out.print( ctx.hasID()?ctx.getID():".");
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var snp_id=0;
var samples = header.getSampleNamesInOrder();
out.print("id");
for(var i=0;i< samples.size();++i)
    {
    out.print("\t"+samples.get(i));
    }
out.println();

while(iter.hasNext()) {
var ctx= iter.next();
++snp_id;
out.print( ctx.hasID()?ctx.getID():".");
for(var i=0;i< samples.size();++i)
    {
    out.print("\t");
    var g= ctx.getGenotype(samples.get(i));
    if(g.isHomRef())
        {
        out.print("1");
        }
    else if(g.isHet())
        {
        out.print("2");
        }
    else if(g.isHomVar())
        {
        out.print("3");
        }
    else 
        {
        out.print("0");
        }
    }

  out.println();
 }
  

For others who might need it. Thanks Pierre.

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Hi@Pierre Lindenbaum. I am also facing with the same problem as @Dhana. I have a filtered vcf file and I want to create something exactly similar to SNP.txt file that @Dhana showed above. Does this script has been created for this purpose? I could not get very well what is the input format of @Dhana's file!

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3
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3.4 years ago
Leandro Lima ▴ 960

This should also work (I'm assuming that everything that is not 0/0, 0/1 or 1/1 should be considered as 0):

vcf=genotypes.vcf

vcftools --vcf $vcf --extract-FORMAT-info GT --out requiredFormat

# Creating SNP.txt
awk '{$1=$1":"$2; $2=""; print $0}' requiredFormat.GT.FORMAT | perl -pe 's!0/0!1!g; s!0/1!2!g; s!1/1!2!g; s!./.!0!g; s/CHROM:POS/id/g' > SNP.txt

# Creating snpsloc.txt
echo -e "snp\tchr\tpos" > snpsloc.txt
awk 'NR > 1 {id=$1":"$2; print id"\tchr"$1"\t"$2}' requiredFormat.GT.FORMAT  >> snpsloc.txt
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What will you do in multiallelic cases? I have some GT values like 3/3, 1/2, 4/4 etc. You think the coding should be like:

0/0 --> 1 Any other heterozygous combination [1/2, 0/1 etc] --> 2 All other homozygous combination [1/1, 3/3 etc] --> 3 But those positions are ignored when I run your script. Can you please share your ideas about this issue? Thanks.

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0
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hi, isn't there something wrong with the substitution of genotype into dosage? why is 0/0 > 1 0/1 > 2 1/1 > 2

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I liked the idea by Lima but why substitute 1/1 by 2 again? I would substitute 1/1 by 3.

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I liked the idea of LIma but I did not understand why 0/1 and 1/1 both substitute by 2? my preference is 1/1 substitute by 3.

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17 months ago
obidobi ▴ 30

Hello!

What will you do in multiallelic cases? I have some GT values like 3/3, 1/2, 4/4 etc. You think the coding should be like:

  • 0/0 --> 1
  • Any other heterozygous combination [1/2, 0/1 etc] --> 2
  • All other homozygous combination [1/1, 3/3 etc] --> 3

But those positions are ignored when I run BioAlcidae. Can you please share your ideas about this issue? Thanks.

Cheers, Nilay

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I use bcftools norm -m - to convert multiallelics into separate rows of biallelic sites. https://www.htslib.org/doc/bcftools.html#norm

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