Transcript or cds for phylogenetic tree ?
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12 months ago
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Hi,

I would like to make a single phylogenetic tree after a multiple alignment of sequences of differents species.

For the sequences, should I use the whole transcript or only de CDS part ? or it doesn't matter.

Thanks for your help.

msa phylogenetic • 393 views
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12 months ago

It does matter.

Go for the CDS (or the protein is even better). Evolutionary constraints/conservation works mainly on those sequences (and less on the UTR, which is what you add when using the complete mRNA/transcripts).

If in the unlikely event that the CDS/protein does not give you enough 'resolution' you might consider adding UTRs to the analysis but keep in mind that comes with a whole bunch of other issues :/ (you might even go very wild and add all the introns, but let's no go there yet :) )

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Thanks for your answer.

Evolutionary constraints/conservation works mainly on those sequences

I am not sure to understand this. Do you mean algorithm used by phylogenetic softwares (such as raxml or phyml or whatever) used model that worked with cds (dna level) and/or amino acid ?

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well, yes and no.

I meant that the biological constraints put into place by evolution mainly play on those kind of sequences. As a consequence the algorithms that model/analyse those things are also best performing (optimised) on those sequences indeed.

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