Question: Bwa Mismatches And Seed Length
gravatar for GPR
6.8 years ago by
GPR320 wrote:

Hello, I am setting up BWA to align my reads and want to allow a reasonable number of mismatches, without compromising the alignment quality. My ultimate goal is to identify SNPs. I have started by running BWA with the default parameters: bwa aln genome.fa *.fastq > *.sai My question is: what's the most appropriate mismatch/max diff value(s) (-n, -k?) in this case? Another thing, my reads are 75bp paired-end. Do I have to input any parameter to indicate this? I have tediously tried to find examples in publications and forums, including the BWA manual, but there isn't much out there. Help will be appreciated. G.

bwa • 5.6k views
ADD COMMENTlink modified 9 months ago by Biostar ♦♦ 20 • written 6.8 years ago by GPR320
gravatar for Irsan
6.8 years ago by
Irsan6.9k wrote:

Maybe you already know but doing paired-end alignment you should do something like this

[prompt]$ bwa aln hg19.fa forward.fastq > forward.sai
[prompt]$ bwa aln hg19.fa reverse.fastq >reverse.sai
[prompt]$ bwa sampe hg19.fa forward.sai reverse.sai forward.fastq reverse.fastq > my_alignment.sam

Where "sampe" stands for sam paired-end.

You might benefit from reading Heng Li's presentation on BWA alignment and look what he has to say about BWA and SNP calling or reading Workflow Or Tutorial For Snp Calling?.

ADD COMMENTlink modified 6.8 years ago • written 6.8 years ago by Irsan6.9k
gravatar for Ashutosh Pandey
6.8 years ago by
Ashutosh Pandey11k wrote:

I think you should use the default values for most of the BWA parameters. They are already tested and most of the people use the default values. The maximum edit distance or mismatches allowed in a read is automatically decided depending on the read length. so you may not have to worry about that.

ADD COMMENTlink written 6.8 years ago by Ashutosh Pandey11k

This is useful. Thanks!

ADD REPLYlink written 6.8 years ago by GPR320
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