Help With Formatdb And Blast All
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14.0 years ago
Craig ▴ 30

I have my own database of sequences stored in MySQL. I convert this database into a blastable format using formatdb, code below:

formatdb -p T -i db.fasta

I then do the same with the query sequence and the blast the query against my database using the code below:

blastall -d db.fasta -i query.fasta -p blastn -m 8 -e 0.01 -o output.blast

In the output.blast file i get something like this:

1_0         100.00 910 0 0 1 910 4 913 0.0 1438

I queried the database with a sequence i knew that was already in the database (NCBI ID= AAK92094). Where the value "1_0" is i would like it to the NCBI ID number which i have stored in the database fasta file.

The format of my db.fasta file looks like this before i convert it to a blastable format.

AAK92094  
MNM........to the end of the sequence
NP_882282
MRCT.......to the end of the seqeunce

Any idea how i do it?

blast • 16k views
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I don't understand your question, can you rephrase it?

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10
Entering edit mode
14.0 years ago

Are you sure you want to use the blastall executable? It has been deprecated in favor of the newer BLAST+ executables in 2009 (cf. NCBI webpage).

The up-to-date version would be to use

<blast_executable> -query <fasta_file> -db <database> -out <output_file> -evalue 0.001 -outfmt <5 for XML>

where the blast executable can either be blastn, blastp, tblastn, or tblastx. The XML output format is pretty well human-readable, and there are tools available to parse it (eg. BioPython). See -help option for details. The database therefore is formatted using the makeblastdb command:

makeblastdb -in <fasta> -dbtype <nucl|prot> -title <db_title> -out <db_filename>

As for your db.fasta, are you sure that it is valid FASTA format? For it to be, all name lines should begin with a >.

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Agreed, you should check the format of db.fasta. The BLAST output should always contain identifiers for both query and hit; I have never seen anything like "1_0" appear in BLAST output.

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6
Entering edit mode
14.0 years ago

There are a two of strange think in your question that you should clarify :

  1. "... I then do the same with the query sequence ......."

    => Usually you don't have to use formatdb with the query sequence since the query sequence just need to be in the fasta format

  2. ..... formatdb -p T ................blastall -p blastn

    => It is very strange that you format a protein bank (-p T) and then blast a protein query sequence using the option -p blastn which is dedicated to blast nucleotides sequences

So my recomendation would be to check that you query sequence is in the fasta format and that you use -p blastp with your blastall command

More over you protein sequences in fasta format should look like below:

>AAK92094
MNM........to the end of the sequence
>NP_882282
MRCT.......to the end of the sequence
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Well spotted; I completely missed the blastn versus a protein database. That would certainly explain the strange output.

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