Question: Cancer Patient Derived Xenograft (PDX) Genomic Analysis
2
gravatar for bioinformatics.cancer
3.1 years ago by
United States
bioinformatics.cancer180 wrote:

Hi, I am analyzing genomic (RNA-seq) data from Patient Derived Xenograft tumor samples where cancer patient tumors are transplanted and grown in a mouse, harvested, and then extracted DNA and RNA is sequenced. I have never done this before and wondering if human or mouse reference genome should be used. I would guess the human reference genome should be used for alignment but is it possible that there would be some mixed in mouse cells? Thanks, - Pankaj

cancer genomics pdx • 1.9k views
ADD COMMENTlink modified 3.1 years ago by Manuel Landesfeind1.2k • written 3.1 years ago by bioinformatics.cancer180
5
gravatar for Manuel Landesfeind
3.1 years ago by
Göttingen, Germany
Manuel Landesfeind1.2k wrote:

First, use some wet lab technology to filter out mouse cells prior to DNA/RNA extraction (just google "mouse cell depletion"). Then, in Bioinformatics analysis, map all reads to human and mouse genome/transcriptome in parallel and independently. Reads that map better to mouse are discarded from the analysis and only "human reads" are kept.

As poisonAlien mentioned, some tools exist to remove contamination but you have to carefully evaluate them. For example, some do this based on k-mer counting and can be too sensitive or too specific. We found, that the above described approach gives best results even though it is computationally demanding. In particular, if you want to call variants, this approach removes fewest reads but gives high sensitivity.

My company is specialized in xenograft research, so feel free to contact me for more information.

ADD COMMENTlink written 3.1 years ago by Manuel Landesfeind1.2k

Thank you so much for your response. I will start by implementing the solutions provided by you and poisonAlien. Just a quick followup - can you please let me know how I would determine Reads that map better to mouse. Does this have to be done through custom code?

ADD REPLYlink written 3.1 years ago by bioinformatics.cancer180

Yes, we have written your own script/tool for that - unfortunately I am not allowed to share it. The script simply fetches the mapping score for mapping against human and mouse and if the read maps better to mouse, it is discarded. This results in a cleaned BAM file containing only the human-specific reads.

ADD REPLYlink modified 3.1 years ago • written 3.1 years ago by Manuel Landesfeind1.2k

Hi! I'm interested in doing this as well. Has anyone actually tested Xenome vs. Disambiguate vs. aligning to mouse+human reference?

ADD REPLYlink written 19 months ago by maheetha.b60
4
gravatar for poisonAlien
3.1 years ago by
poisonAlien2.8k
Asgard
poisonAlien2.8k wrote:

Hi, you would use human reference for alignment of course.

There are some methods to remove possible contaminated reads originating from mouse cells. You can use uniquely mapped reads with high mapping quality. There is also a tool available to separate reads especially from xenograft samples.

ADD COMMENTlink written 3.1 years ago by poisonAlien2.8k
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