How to create custom docker image to download bam files from SRA
1
0
Entering edit mode
10 months ago
MAPK ★ 1.8k

I am trying to create a docker image from docker file and entrypoint. However, it only generates <none>:<none>. This is my docker file and entrypoint.sh. Would someone please let me know what's missing here?

FROM openjdk:8-jre

LABEL maintainer="Maintainer <xxx@xxx.edu>"


LABEL org.label-schema.schema-version="1.0"
# LABEL org.label-schema.build-date=$BUILD_DATE
LABEL org.label-schema.name="testing/sratobam"
LABEL org.label-schema.description="Image for sratobam"


ENV SAMTOOLS_VERSION 1.9
ENV SRATOOL_VERSION 2.10.8

WORKDIR /tmp

RUN apt-get update -y \
  && apt-get install --no-install-recommends -y \
       wget \ 
       libxml-libxml-perl \
       make \
       gcc \
       g++ \
       libz-dev \
       libbz2-dev \
       liblzma-dev \
       ncurses-dev \
       libnss-sss \
       time \
  && wget -q https://github.com/lh3/bwa/releases/download/v${BWA_VERSION}/bwa-${BWA_VERSION}.tar.bz2 \
  && tar xjvf bwa-${BWA_VERSION}.tar.bz2 \
  && cd /tmp/bwa-${BWA_VERSION}/ \
  && make \
  && cp -av /tmp/bwa-${BWA_VERSION}/bwa /usr/bin/ \
  && cd /tmp \
  && wget -q https://github.com/samtools/samtools/releases/download/${SAMTOOLS_VERSION}/samtools-${SAMTOOLS_VERSION}.tar.bz2 \
  && tar xjvf samtools-${SAMTOOLS_VERSION}.tar.bz2 \
  && cd /tmp/samtools-${SAMTOOLS_VERSION}/ \
  && make \
  && cp -av /tmp/samtools-${SAMTOOLS_VERSION}/samtools /usr/bin/ \ 
  && cd /tmp \
  && wget -q http://ftp-trace.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sra/sdk/${SRATOOL_VERSION}/sratoolkit.${SRATOOL_VERSION}-ubuntu64.tar.gz \
  && tar -xvzf sratoolkit.${SRATOOL_VERSION}-ubuntu64.tar.gz \
  && cp /tmp/sratoolkit.${SRATOOL_VERSION}-ubuntu64/bin/sam-dump /usr/bin \
  && rm sratoolkit.${SRATOOL_VERSION}-ubuntu64.tar.gz \
  && ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/America/Chicago /etc/localtime \
  && echo "America/Chicago" > /etc/timezone \
  && dpkg-reconfigure --frontend noninteractive tzdata \
  && apt-get clean all


# Copy the local dbGAP key file into the container
COPY XXX_XXXX.ngc /usr/local/bin

# And import the key to allow dbGaP downloads
RUN vdb-config --import XXX_XXXX.ngc
COPY ./entrypoint.sh /usr/local/bin/

ENTRYPOINT ["/usr/local/bin/entrypoint.sh"]
# CMD ["/bin/bash"]

entrypoint.sh

#!/bin/bash

VERSION="0.0.1"
# Entrypoint script for docker container testing/sratobam

GC_THREADS=2 
CACHING=0
if [ -z "${THREADS}" ]; then THREADS=8; fi  

DATE="/bin/date +%s"
display_date () {
    /bin/date -d @${1} +%Y%m%d_%H%M%S
}

date_diff () {
    earlier=${1}
    later=${2}
    diff=$((${later}-${earlier}))
    if [ ${diff} -gt 86400 ]; then
        date -u -d @$((${diff}-86400)) +"%jd%-Hh%-Mm%-Ss"
    else
        date -u -d @${diff} +"%-Hh%-Mm%-Ss"
    fi
}

quit () {
  echo "[$(display_date $(${DATE}))] Run failed at ${1} step, exit code: 1"
  if [ "${SHELLDROP}" -eq 1 ]; then echo "Dropping to shell"; exec "/bin/bash"; else exit 1; fi
}

# trap "{ echo \"[$(display_date $(${DATE}))] Terminated by SIGTERM \"; quit \"${CUR_STEP}\"; }" SIGTERM
trap "echo \"[$(display_date $(${DATE}))] Terminated by SIGTERM \" && sleep 10s" SIGTERM

# Option for usage in docker
if [ "${SHELLDROP:=0}" -eq 1 ]; then echo "Dropping to shell"; exec "/bin/bash"; fi

# Mem
if [ -z "${MEM}" ]; then echo "WARNING, memory limit (in GB) not provided in variable \${MEM}; defaulting to 4G"; MEM=4; fi


# WORKDIR
if [ -z "${WORKDIR}" ]; then echo "WARNING, WORKDIR not provided in variable \${WORKDIR}"; fi

# SRAID
if [ -z "${SRAID}" ]; then echo "WARNING, SRAid not provided in variable \${SRAID}"; fi

if [ ! -z "${TIMING}" ]; then TIMING=(/usr/bin/time -v); fi


# Convert sra to bam
start=$(${DATE}); echo "[$(display_date ${start})] sratobam starting"
CUR_STEP="sratobam"
sam-dump ${SRAID} | samtools view -bS >  "${WORKDIR}/${SRAID}.bam"
exitcode="$?"
end=$(${DATE}); echo "[$(display_date ${end})] SRA to BAM finished, exit code: ${exitcode}, step time $(date_diff ${start} ${end})"


exit ${exitcode}
docker • 416 views
ADD COMMENT
1
Entering edit mode
  1. Why are you using a Java base image? use the ubuntu:latest
  2. Install samtools with apt
  3. Use the SRA binaries instead of building it
  4. Do you need to add dbGaP keys?
  5. in your entry point, the $SRAID variable is never assigned
ADD REPLY
0
Entering edit mode

Yes, I need to add dbGaP keys.

ADD REPLY
0
Entering edit mode

Just want to comment that I have had troubles in the past getting sra-toolkit installed and operating properly in a docker container. You may want to consider using the docker image provided by the developers at ncbi. See the wiki page here for instructions: https://github.com/ncbi/sra-tools/wiki/SRA-tools-docker

ADD REPLY
3
Entering edit mode
10 months ago
JC 12k

I guess you need something like this:

Dockerfile

FROM ubuntu:latest

ENV DEBIAN_FRONTEND noninteractive
RUN apt update && apt upgrade -y
RUN apt install -y samtools wget

# Add SRA toolkit binaries
WORKDIR /opt
ENV SRATOOLKIT_VERSION=2.10.8
RUN wget https://ftp-trace.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sra/sdk/${SRATOOLKIT_VERSION}/sratoolkit.${SRATOOLKIT_VERSION}-ubuntu64.tar.gz && \
    tar zxf sratoolkit.${SRATOOLKIT_VERSION}-ubuntu64.tar.gz && \
    rm sratoolkit.${SRATOOLKIT_VERSION}-ubuntu64.tar.gz
RUN ln -s /opt/sratoolkit.${SRATOOLKIT_VERSION}-ubuntu64/bin/sam-dump /usr/local/bin
RUN ln -s /opt/sratoolkit.${SRATOOLKIT_VERSION}-ubuntu64/bin/vdb-config /usr/local/bin

# Copy the local dbGAP key file into the container
COPY XXX_XXXX.ngc /opt
# And import the key to allow dbGaP downloads
RUN vdb-config --import /opt/XXX_XXXX.ngc

# define directory to mount
RUN mkdir /dump
WORKDIR /dump

# Add entrypoint
COPY entry.sh /usr/local/bin
RUN chmod +x /usr/local/bin/entry.sh
ENTRYPOINT /usr/local/bin/entry.sh

Entrypoint

#!/bin/bash

SRAID=$1
WORKDIR=/dump

sam-dump ${SRAID} | samtools view -bS >  "${WORKDIR}/${SRAID}.bam"

Execution

mkdir dump
docker run -it -v dump:/dump sradump SRRXXXXXX
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