9 weeks ago by
Sure, publishing the results in a peer reviewed journal is sort of the de facto method of sharing results. One doesn't have to do that, though it's typically required to further one's career. Typically presenting at conferences is done in parallel to this, for what that's worth.
Other methods would be preprints (think bioRxiv), blog posts, twitter, etc. All of these have their utility and can typically be done in combination with the more traditional methods mentioned above.
Of course, this all assumes that you're really talking about sharing a finalized story with the external community. If you want to share results with collaborators or internally within your group then pretty much none of this applies (except maybe github).