starting from this question, I realized that the proper usage of bash commands to handle FASTA files* could be, for those (like me) not proficient with the usage of the terminal, a difficult task. Also, I feel it is important to learn how to use them correctly. Could you point me out what are, in your personal experience, the most important commands useful in FASTA lists manipulation? Possibly, I would prioritize commands wich are easy to use and, possibly, versatile.
If you want, I agree to treat the topic as a community wiki.
*Extract IDs, remove certain sequences, edit descriptions, listing only the sequences that start with A and similar.
cat, grep, sed, cut, sort, uniq, tr, awk, paste, Redirections (<, >, >>, ...)
You can certainly do a lot of FASTA file processing (and any other text file) in the shell. However, I'd recommend learning at least one of the Bio* libraries (e.g. Bioperl's Seq::IO) for more versatile solutions.
I like very much to have a repository of common and useful bash scripts/commands. I suggest to extend this repository to more topics like VCF, BED manipulations, etc.